Punctuation of English


The point of view that English punctuation is not stable is widely spread. But a detailed analysis can prove that in most cases the punctuation is rather fixed. However, there are some excep­tions, especially in subordinate adverbial clauses, where the punctua­tion is not always stable. Analysis of the texts has led us to several conclu­sions. […]

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Punctuation mark in the complex sentence

A subject clause, like the subject of a simple sentence, is not divided by any punctuation mark from the rest of the sentence, being closely connected with it, since this clause is the subject of the whole complex sentence, and only a brief pause is needed. Neither the place of such clause in the sentence, […]

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Punctuation marks in the compound sentence

The independent clauses of a compound sentence joined asyndetically are divided by a comma to denote a brief pause, falling tone, and often enumeration of closely connected actions. The copulative conjunction ‘and’ might be inserted between the clauses: “One hand went to the heart, the other outstretched toward the flag”. In case of a longer […]

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Punctuation marks for independent elements

An interjection is usually followed by an exclamation mark to denote great emotion: pain, anger, astonishment, acute distress, joy or delight; or several of these feelings combined. In case of several interjections, there is usually an exclamation mark after each. There may be a dash between two interjections. For example: “Hi! stop a minute, will […]

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The study of modern punctuation is not possible without the knowledge of its origin, evolution, features of the development in languages. The high level of modern philological research, studying the text primarily in terms of communicative language features, does not allow one to limit ourselves to describing the current system of punctuation, or set of […]

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