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Text Grammar as a Part of Text Linguistics

Paragraph

Cumuleme in writing is regularly expressed by a paragraph, but the two units are not wholly identical. In the first place, the paragraph is a stretch of written or typed literary text delimited by a new (indented) line at the beginning and an incomplete line at the close. As different from this, the cumuleme, as […]

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Grammar and text

I have repeatedly shown throughout the present work that sentences in continual speech are not used in isolation; they are interconnected both semantically-topically and syntactically. Inter-sentential connections have come under linguistic investigation but recently. The highest lingual unit which was approached by traditional grammar as liable to syntactic study was the sentence; scholars even specially […]

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What is the sentence?

Grammar deals with the rules for combining words into larger units. The largest unit that is described in grammar is normally the sentence. However, defining a ‘sentence’ is notoriously difficult, for the reasons we’ll now discuss. It is sometimes said that a sentence expresses a complete thought. This is a notional definition: it defines a […]

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Units of language

Units of language are divided into segmental and suprasegmental. Segmental units consist of phonemes, they form phonemic strings of various status (syllables, morphemes, words, etc.). Supra-segmental units do not exist by themselves, but are realized together with segmental units and express different modificational meanings (functions) which are reflected on the strings of segmental units. To […]

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Systemic character of language

Systematic nature of grammar Modern linguistics lays a special stress on the systemic character of language and all its constituent parts. It accentuates the idea that language is a system of signs (meaningful units) which are closely interconnected and interdependent. Units of immediate interdependencies (such as classes and subclasses of words, various subtypes of syntactic […]

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What is grammar?

Introduction Language incorporates the three constituent parts (“sides”), each being inherent in it by virtue of its social nature. These parts are the phonological system, the lexical system, the grammatical system. Only the unity of these three elements forms a language; without any one of them there is no human language in the above sense. […]

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Sentence in the text or a cumulative sequence

The formation of a one-direction sequence is based on syntactic cumulation of sentences, as different from syntactic composition of sentences making them into one composite sentence. Hence, the supra-sentential construction of one-direction communicative type can be called a cumulative sequence, or a “cumuleme”. The formation of a two-direction sequence is based on its sentences being […]

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