French Revolution Essay help?
Okay so I have an essay due tomorrow on the causes of the French Revolution that I’ve been procrastinating until now. Well, I’ve started it, and I am very confused on what to write. I would appreciate if someone could list the main causes of the French Revolution along with a brief description of each. I know that I shouldn’t have procrastinated it until the last minute and that I should be doing my own work but my teacher assigned the paper without going over the information and I don’t know what i should do. Thank you!
1.Political and Social Inequalities
♦ France still practised feudalism in the 18th century. The nobles and clergy enjoyed special privileges. They did not have to pay taxes. The common people did not have power and freedom in politics. They worked hard and had to pay heavy taxes. . Kind of like the rich getting richer and the poor (which happened to be almost all of the population) is getting poorer.
♦ The nobles and clergy which made up the First and Second Estates could outvote the common people easily though the Estates General was always not called by the king, who ruled as an absolute monarch. The common people became discontented with the privileged classes.
2.Bankruptcy of the Government
♦ Louis XIV had spent too much. His successors did not cut down expenses. Louis XVI also failed to improve the financial situation. He dismissed ministers who tried to introduce financial reforms. By 1789, the government was bankrupt.Oh, Please remember that he spend lot money to make America free of the British.
3.Influence of the new ideas & thoughts.
♦ The ideas and writings of Enlightenment thinkers like Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Rousseau became widespread. The French people were inspired to go against their king. The success of the Americans to overthrow British rule encouraged the French to fight for their freedom.
4.The Outbreak of revolution 1789
♦When Louis XVI finally called the Estates General to solve financial difficulties, the Third Estate did not agree with the unfair system of the Estates General. They formed the National Assembly to make a constitution. People were afraid that the king would suppress the National Assembly. They were also discontented that the king dismissed Necker, the popular Finance Minister. The hungry Parisians, who suffered from bad harvest, burst out their anger by attacking the Bastille prison (for political prisoners). The Fall of Bastille started the French Revolution & spread out to other parts of France.