Help on World History Study Guide ASAP!?
I need some help finishing my study guide for history. It is taking me too long to look up all of these answers, that i am not going to have time to actually study it! could sum1 please help (:
1. What was the Bay of Pigs invasion? how did it end?
2. What was the cuban missle crisis? which leaders were involved and why?
3. what was the cultural revolution? who led it? Give 2 principals of it.
4. What was the great leap forward? who led it? what did it want to achieve? did it work?
5. Define: containment, brinkmanship, detente, and M.A.D.
6. What was the berlin airlift? why was the berlin wall built? what did it do? when did it fall?
7. What was solidarity? who led it?
8. what is the commonwealth of independant states? how/when did it go into effect?
9. what are glasnot, destalinization, and perestroika? who led each?
10. what are zionism, the negritude, and pan-african movements/
Your final will be on Thursday December 18, 2008. Your final will include: multiple-choice questions, fill in the blank, and short essay questions. Answer the following questions to help you prepare for the final.
1. Describe the effects of the Treaty of Versailles on Europe?
The treaty of Versailles split up many of Europe countries, ruining their economy.
2. What was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk? Who did it affect?
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, at Brest-Litovsk (now Brest, Belarus) between the RSFSR and the Central Powers, marking Russia’s exit from World War I.
3. List the nations of the Allied Powers and the nations of the Axis Powers.
Allied- U.S, Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, South Africa, and Yugoslavia.
Axis- Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria.
4. How did Hitler come to power?
Hitler came to power by manipulating the people with empty promises, using his charismatic personality, and killing whoever got in his way.
5. What were the Nuremberg Trials and the Tokyo Trials?
These trials were trials in which many Nazi leaders were tried as war criminals.
6. Describe the significance of D-Day and Pearl Harbor.
D-Day and Pearl Harbor were significant events because they were turning points during WWII.
7. What were the League of Nations and the United Nations? How were they different?
The League of Nations (LON) was an inter-governmental organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919–1920, and the precursor to the United Nations. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.
8. Define Cold War. What is NATO and Warsaw Pact?
The Cold War was a war in which two nations showed their hostility towards each other by stocking up on military supplies, without direct confrontation.
9. What are satellite nations? Which nation governed them> Give 3 nations that were satellites.
A satellite state (sometimes referred to as a client state) is a political term that refers to a country that is formally independent, but under heavy influence or control by another country, such as North Korea (especially in the decades surrounding the Korean War), Cuba (particularly after it joined the Comecon), and Fascist Italy (during the reign of Mussolini).
10. Describe the Truman Doctrine & Marshall Plan. Which nations received aid through them>
He Truman Doctrine was a policy set forth by U.S. President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947 stating that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into the Soviet sphere. The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the primary program, 1947–51, of the United States for rebuilding and creating a stronger economic foundation for the countries of Western Europe. Greece, Turkey, and the USSR.
11. What is the 38th parallel? Which nations were involved in the Korean War? How did it end?
The 38th parallel was where Korea was divided. The Korean War (1950–53) was a military conflict between the Republic of Korea, supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and People’s Republic of China (PRC), with air support from the Soviet Union. In the end, Korea stayed divided, but the US left.
12. Who were Chaing Kai-Shek, Sun Yat-sen, and Mao Zedong? What did the support?
Mao Zendong, Chaing Kai-Shek, and Sun Yat-Sen were Chinese revolutionaries, political theorists and communist leaders. They led the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
What happened to Koumintang at the end of the Civil War?
It was ended.
13. What was the Bay of Pigs invasion? How did it end?
The Bay of Pigs Invasion (known as La Batalla de Girón, or Playa Girón in Cuba), was an unsuccessful attempt by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with support from US government armed forces, to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
14. What was the Cuban Missile Crisis? Which leaders were involved and why?
The Cuban Missile crisis was when a Nuclear war was nearly started between Russia and the US. The Leader of the USSR and President John. F. Kennedy were both involved.
15. What was the Cultural Revolution? Who led it? Give two principals of it.
Mao Zedong, despite his failure with the Great Leap Forward, still dreamed of a classless society. I his eyes, only permanent revolution, an atmosphere of constant revolutionary fervor, would bring the Chinese people to the final stage of communism. Mao wrote a Little Red Book, which became a sort of bible for Chinese, and the Red Guards threw down riots, and anyone who deviated from Mao’s will.
16. What was the Great Leap Forward? Who led it? What did