How did the cold war begin,What weapons were used to fight this war?

How did the cold war begin,What weapons were used to fight this war?
How did the cold war begin and what “weapons” were used to fight this war? Please explain as much as you possibly can, I have to write an essay based on this.

The Cold War was a period of time from 1953 to 1990 which dealt with tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States which were the two superpowers of the world. The term was an example of the cold tensions and relationships between the USSR and The United States, Western Europe and many parts of the world. After the end of World War Two the Soviet’s had taken control of much of East Europe. The arms race was a race between the United States and the USSR over nuclear weapons and later the development of long range and more powerful missiles. This is not to be confused with the space race of which was over who would reach space and later the moon first.

During this time, the US foreign policy with the USSR was one of constant strain and speculation. There were fears if the United States went back to complete peace time production of industry it could lose its growth of economy it had gained from production during and after World War Two (this brought the US out of its depression). Industry and the government saw the advantages of large government contracts with the private sector. The only way they saw to keep new contracts coming was to create a need to maintain some resemblance of a war time atmosphere, hence the creation of the Cold War. Not a single shot fired!