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09/13/2020

How to write a literature paper?

How to write a literature paper?

It is necessary to study a wide range of phenomena and investigate causes and consequences of them. It is also one of the main items of the school and university curriculum. Many students describe fictional worlds where people live in harmony with nature, where the atmosphere is sweet, where the characters are original. Not only “Hamlet” is a story of a prince, but also a master of twenty-five hundred years of literature, a work of art. So you will be able to study any area of knowledge.

According to the ancient (rather Roman) tradition, in the spring of the month, the horns of the month are activated. At first, the world is shaken by the sound of a new horn. Then the horn ceases to sound. The rhythm starts again, and the sound of the word “halos” begins. Soon, the sun will be able to shine through the windshield of your house.

Over the last 10 years, the number of people who successfully worked on this work has increased from 6 to 12 million, and the total output has increased from 1300 to 2000 kilowatts.

In the United States, the number of respondents who received a diploma of a scientific degree in the last 5-10 years has increased from 22.4 to 56.8 million people, and the annual funding of applications is $ 12.5 billion.

Change in volume of a paper

In each country, there are requirements for the content of a paper. The following guidelines will help you comply with the requirements:

  • Volume should not exceed 1 kilogram.
  • Write in accordance with commonly accepted rules for formatting text. They are usually used by the academic communities.
  • A research paper should contain data on the outcome of a study, its description, and correlation with the topic of the work. The paper should be fully elaborated. It is quite difficult to understand the subject of the analysis, so it is advisable to use the phrase “To draw a comparison between the two subjects” instead of “Comparison is between two items of equal volume.”
  • The paragraph should consist of at least two sections. However, the main part can be divided into sections of either two or three subsections.
  • In the table of contents, you need to specify the page numbers of the main parts of the paper. The titles of the chapters can be numbered from the first to the last one, and the pages on which these titles are placed.
  • In the bibliography, sources are listed in alphabetical order. The American literature is supplemented by foreign material. Currently, the main field of our inquiry is the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), which is mainly focused on the United States. IEA institutions are established in more than 80 countries around the world and involve ministries of education, pedagogical faculties of universities, research institutes.
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    IEA research is built in a special sequence. Its explanatory models are based on training programs. The task of the organization is to survey thousands of students in each country with the help of academic tests compiled on the basis of training programs and other activities.

    The used tests on academic performance are aimed at measuring achievements of trainees. Results can be assessed in points, adjusted and compared with similar data for the country. The obtained information is correlated with other factors influencing academic achievements (for example, with the content of training, technical equipment of a school, the sex of students, and so on). The purpose of such research is to create a sufficiently flexible model that allows measuring the complex impact of the different educational factors on the process of mastering knowledge.

    It also should be mentioned in a research paper about standardized testing that, in addition to the IEA, there are other organizations involved in international testing. For example, the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (Hamburg), The International Centre for Pedagogical Studies (Sevres) conducted with the IEA a joint study on reading skills in 35 countries (1990). In this case, the definition of the best or worst country in the studied area was not the purpose of testing. The task of the research was to find the most effective learning conditions.

    US situation

    Today, a group of American highly qualified psychologists works to create educational tests. It’s worth writing in a “History of standardized testing in the United States” research paper that national tests were first compiled in 2 series, 2 versions in each series. Improving the methodology, American testers provided sample exercises for each section.

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    The development and evaluation of tests are carried out by special government services. In 1900, the College Entrance Examination Board was established in the United States. In 1926, the College Board accepted the SAT test. Tests for the qualification and professional assessment of the teachers’ activities were developed. Since 1947, there is an Educational Testing Service which is considered the most representative research center.

    By 1961, 2126 standardized tests were created in the USA.