Close

09/13/2020

How to write a research paper on genetic engineering?

How to write a research paper on genetic engineering?

Despite the modern path of genetic engineering, many challenges remain. In this article, we will tell you how to structure and summarize the process of creating a high-quality, original research paper on genetic engineering.

Premises of genetic engineering

Let’s start with the premises of genetic engineering. As you might have already guessed it, it is quite simple to understand genetic engineering in this simple and easy to understand manner. So, let’s start with the idea of genetic engineering in vitro.

As soon as the method of genetic engineering is explained in simple and understandable terms, the first objections will appear. But many students do not yet expect this approach to lead to any successes. The first reason for that is the lack of understanding of the principles of molecular biology and genetics.

In vitro methods for genetic engineering are based on the long tradition of obtaining recombinant DNA unifying sequences. This method allows to obtain a genetic gene encoding the altered form of the protein. When introducing a mutant gene into the cell, the carrying cell and its offsprings will synthesize the altered protein. Thus, it is possible to correct defective genes and treat hereditary diseases.

With the help of genetic engineering, animals which have useful traits and are resistant to viral attacks were created. For example, a microinjection of a recombinant DNA containing a bovine somatotropin gene into a rabbit zygote made it possible to create a transgenic animal with a hyperproduction of this hormone.

It is even difficult to imagine the effect on the human body that could be caused by the introduction of a foreign gene. But, unfortunately, such opportunities are not developed now.

READ:  How to write a military essay?

Another method to describe in a genetic engineering essay is based on a logical chain of hypotheses (assuming that the external environment and the level of protection against deleterious events is sufficiently high). The first assumption is a hypothesis that the gene is associated with the chromosome. The following assumptions are confirmed by scientific results: organelle(s) and zebranes divide into a bio-object and a cell, respectively, the relationship between the organelle and the cell is altered.

A classic example is a hybrid of viral and genetic methods. The gene of the viral protein is cloned, modified by creating a mutant gene encoding the altered form of the protein. The resulting gene is introduced into the cell. If it is expressed, then the carrying cell and its offsprings will synthesize the altered protein. Thus, it is possible to correct defective genes and treat hereditary diseases.

In vitro methods

Methods of using cell cultures called “in vitro” – “under glass” (opposed to “in vivo” – “live”) are most popular. They eliminated the serious problem of transferring data from one biological object to another, allowed scientists to analyze in detail the structure of the proteins and to use them as medicaments.

Their advantage lies in the fact that the expression of the proteins is expressed in the protein. The induced gene is contained in the cell. When introducing a new gene, the cell’s ability to synthesize complex BTS still far exceeds the ability of a conventional plant cell. Thus, it is possible to correct defective genes and treat hereditary diseases.

Scientific articles on genetic engineering are extremely relevant due to the fact that, in the past decade, there has been a rapid release of transgenic plants with new useful features to the market. In some cases, such introductions lead to the fact that the plant cell’s ability to synthesize complex BTS increases at a speed of 1-4% per year.

READ:  What is actually a terrible problem that our society has to solve. More and more kids are becoming orphans. Some of them will end up on the street as adults. That is why we have to think of the issues of parenting and child welfare when writing child abuse essay.

General characteristic for genetically engineered plants

The following details should be taken into account while using such approaches:

  • The plant cell’s ability to synthesize complex BTS still far exceeds the ability of production of such protein. Scientists believe that, in order to achieve this speed, a plant with a large number of transgenic plants should be grown in a laboratory environment.
  • The density of the cell is greater than the amount of harvested plants it produces. The laboratory should provide for the creation of additional colonies of genetically identical cells containing a genetically homogeneous population of cells.
  • The issue of genetic engineering of plants is relatively small. A single transgenic plant is produced, which contains chromosome information.

  • The possibility of the transgeneration of artificial plants with improved resistance.
  • The possibility of producing transgenic plants that are resistant to herbicides and insects.
  • Possibility of using genetic engineering technologies to change the genetic characteristics of viruses.
  • Ease of selection. The most important advantage of genetic engineering is the ability of its users to directly modify the genome of viruses. This is very convenient., allowing to correct the problematic mutations, to introduce exactly new genes into the genome, to evolve it in the most appropriate way.
  • The absence of direct restriction on the outside world.