How to write a research paper on income inequality
The topic of economic inequality in the United States is invariably relevant not only among American historians, but also among public figures, politicians, in the broad circles of the US public. Important ideological motives always were at the heart of their perception of this problem.
The main one is connected with a different interpretation of the category of “equality” which, since the emergence of American civilization, has acted as one of its core values. In the minds of many Americans, it meant and means equality of opportunities. It may be emphasized in the upside of income inequality essay that this interpretation provides a basis for justifying economic imbalance, since, in the presence of equality of opportunities, individuals with different abilities achieve different results.
But the number of Americans who believe that the society is obliged to ensure a certain leveling of the results of citizens’ activities through reforms increased in recent years. They state that there is no exemplary equality of opportunities in real life, and poverty is unacceptable in a developed modern society.
Such a worldview difference seriously influences the approaches and conclusions of American researchers addressing the problem of economic inequality. The discrepancies between theories are also determined by the difference in methodological and methodical approaches, used sources.
In general, all researchers can be divided into optimists and pessimists. The representatives of first group believe that the economic inequality in the US did not acquire a threatening or dramatic character and did not contradict public justice. The second group is convinced that there were sharp economic contrasts at all or many stages of American history, and this inequality deserves a critical evaluation.
In the course of writing an income inequality exploratory essay, you need to develop own point of view, to formulate it in a clear thesis and to provide worthy arguments. The best evidence is examples from life. To use them skillfully, you have to consider the history of the United States in detail.
Tendencies of colonial period for income inequality research paper
Referring to historical examples in effects of income inequality in America essay, it’s worth recalling that the colonial period (1607-1775) was the first stage on which economic imbalance was clearly visible. Its specificity was largely determined by the specifics of the social and ethnic composition of the North American population:
Black Americans were part of North American society as a lower class of slaves. The contrast in the positions of black slaves and white Americans may be considered as the most profound manifestation of economic inequality. But it deserves separate research. Here, we will talk about the differences in the positions of white citizens.
The white population of the colonial era was divided into two main economically and socially unequal categories. The white working class included a large number of free Americans and entrepreneurs. They possessed a high quality of goods and paid a high price for them. The rural population, on the contrary, was reduced to the lower class of farmers.
During the development of the white population, the economic imbalance of the two main economic classes was preserved. The upper and middle classes differed in the level of income and living standards. The upper class borrowed the money of the working class while the middle class owned and produced goods and sought to receive a decent wage at a lower price.
The ideology of the rural population, the attachment of the rural community to the urban poor (in some cases, rural areas still work under capitalism) helped to combat social inequality. The fact is that the rural population, having become the richer, started contributing to the general upward movement of the lower class. However, the upward movement was not strong in the rural areas. The exceptions were more limited in the case of the first class.
Rural America began from a lower strata of society. The farmers’ revolt against the urban poor took place. The possible outcome of the revolt was the adoption of the income inequality policies of the second Carter family (1860-1928). They introduced a mandatory property qualification for the farmers’ leader.
The main achievement of the second Carter family was the establishment of a free agricultural policy and the planting of a small number of restrictive schemes (mainly, the plan for cultivating and maintaining agricultural lands). The key requirement for such policies was the time needed for the effective distribution of crops.