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09/13/2020

How to write a research paper on population?

How to write a research paper on population?

Work on an essay about population is the one of the most popular and mysterious disciplines. The academic work is focused on the problem and results of its regulation. There is a general consensus that the population is in a state of increasing complexity. In this regard, it is worth to mention that statistic data in the United States is consistently above the norm. The population, as one of the most developed countries in the world, has always been showing extraordinary results in various demographic processes.

In the process of population growth, various parameters are being tracked: the number of population, the number of people who remain poor and unemployed, the percentage of fertility, mortality, life expectancy. On the one hand, this is the decline in the birth rate, which leads to a reduction in the number of children and young people, on the other – an increase in life expectancy. In 1996, the average life expectancy in the OECD was 80 years for women and 74 years for men. Sweden had the highest indicator, Portugal – the lowest.

Here are the most important economic and social consequences of this trend which should be described in an aging population research paper:

  • An increase in the proportion of older people poses a task for society to organize care for them, especially since the proportion of people older than 80 years grows faster than the proportion of older people as a whole. From 1960 to 1990, the number of people with the age above 80 years has grown in the EU countries from 5 to 12 million people, that is, by 140%.
  • Medical care for the elderly, the need for which, naturally, increases with aging. It involves additional funding, expanding the network of medical, gerontological institutions and qualitative restructuring of the health care system.
  • The employment of the elderly population, provision of working places for “young seniors”.
  • It is important to maintain an active life position of the elderly, involve them in public life and fight against loneliness.
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    It should be mentioned in an aging population opinion essay that this phenomenon influences the structure of material production, changes the range of goods and services in accordance with the needs of older clients. It is also necessary to change some technological operations, adapt machines and equipment to the age-specific characteristics of workers. Means of transport, opportunities, and ease of their use also should correspond to the requirements of older people.

    A certain part of the elderly population can and wants to work. However, in a number of countries, there are laws that establish the age when a person must leave the workplace. In most states, such a border is 65 years old. But life does not always fit into the strict prescriptions of legislators. Therefore, in accordance with some pension systems, early retirement is encouraged.

    On the one hand, there is a tendency for an earlier retirement, which in some countries leads to a certain decrease in pension payments. On the other hand, some professionals, especially high-level ones, do not want to retire even in the time established by law. In general, the share of employees older than 65 years reduces. This does not apply to farms where people work until old age. But the share of people employed in agriculture is small and continues to decrease.

    A huge influx of women (often highly educated) into the labor market leads to the displacement of older men in some countries. The use of fundamentally new production technologies also displaces the older generation. The retraining of the elderly is considered unprofitable by the entrepreneurs: it is more expedient to invest in training of young, promising workers who have many years of labor life ahead of them.

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    The process of population aging is closely related to the evolution that the family institution undergoes now. As a result of major social, demographic and economic changes, the family is divided into generations and often cannot provide care for elderly relatives. The proportion of elderly people living with their children or relatives steadily declines.

    Some experts claim that the family falls apart and there is even a danger of its complete disappearance as a public institution. Basically, a modern family consists of parents and minor children. Married adult children, as a rule, do not live with their parents, are less willing and able to provide them with material assistance.

    Useful tips for writing an overpopulation problems essay

    The essay genre does not imply any strict framework. However, it has a number of features that should be taken into account if you want to get a high score. First of all, it’s worth sticking to the standard structure while compiling world population research paper outlines:

  • The central conception of a work should be clearly stated in an introduction. The reader should understand what idea you defend. An exception is an introductory question aimed to create intrigue.