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09/13/2020

How to write a research paper on population?

How to write a research paper on population?

It is necessary to observe in a research paper on population that, in the most countries of the world, the process of population aging exists (the number of people reaching retirement age falls in the middle of the 20th century, the number of children and women increases. However, in the past 30 years, the process of population aging has slowed in many countries of the world.

There was a rapid release of nitrogen and methane into the atmosphere. The buildup of nitrates and methane in the atmosphere resulted in huge damage to the environment. The contractions of biological and chemical elements of the environment were disturbed. The potential of biological and chemical processes of the environment was reduced. The existing standards for explaining the process of population aging were not accepted. Now, life expectancy is much longer. But the demographic problem, which is considered in the biggest cities of the world, is still ahead.

In Europe, the number of people over 60 years has reached 1.5 billion, and by 2030, it is expected to grow to 2.5 billion. Only in America, at least 1.5 billion people will reach this milestone.

Here are some other data: in 2015, the population of the United States reached 1.65 billion, and by 2030, it is expected to grow to 3.65 billion. Rapid demographic growth is the main reason for this trend.

In Europe, the average age of a man is 65 years, and the oldest one is 75 years. However, in 2009, the average age of a woman has not changed significantly since the age of 30.

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Here are the most important economic and social consequences of this trend which should be described in an aging population research paper:

  • An increase in the proportion of older people poses a task for society to organize care for them, especially since the proportion of people older than 80 years grows faster than the proportion of older people as a whole. From 1960 to 1990, the number of people with the age above 80 years has grown in the EU countries from 5 to 12 million people, that is, by 140%.
  • Medical care for the elderly, the need for which, naturally, increases with aging. It involves additional funding, expanding the network of medical, gerontological institutions and qualitative restructuring of the health care system.
  • The employment of the elderly population, provision of working places for “young seniors”.
  • It is important to maintain an active life position of the elderly, involve them in public life and fight against loneliness.
  • It should be mentioned in an aging population opinion essay that this phenomenon influences the structure of material production, changes the range of goods and services in accordance with the needs of older clients. It is also necessary to change some technological operations, adapt machines and equipment to the age-specific characteristics of workers. Means of transport, opportunities, and ease of their use also should correspond to the requirements of older people.

    A certain part of the elderly population can and wants to work. However, in a number of countries, there are laws that establish the age when a person must leave the workplace. In most states, such a border is 65 years old. But life does not always fit into the strict prescriptions of legislators. Therefore, in accordance with some pension systems, early retirement is encouraged.

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    On the one hand, there is a tendency for an earlier retirement, which in some countries leads to a certain decrease in pension payments. On the other hand, some professionals, especially high-level ones, do not want to retire even in the time established by law. In general, the share of employees older than 65 years reduces. This does not apply to farms where people work until old age. But the share of people employed in agriculture is small and continues to decrease.

    A huge influx of women (often highly educated) into the labor market leads to the displacement of older men in some countries. The use of fundamentally new production technologies also displaces the older generation. The retraining of the elderly is considered unprofitable by the entrepreneurs: it is more expedient to invest in training of young, promising workers who have many years of labor life ahead of them.

    The process of population aging is closely related to the evolution that the family institution undergoes now. As a result of major social, demographic and economic changes, the family is divided into generations and often cannot provide care for elderly relatives. The proportion of elderly people living with their children or relatives steadily declines.

    Some experts claim that the family falls apart and there is even a danger of its complete disappearance as a public institution. Basically, a modern family consists of parents and minor children. Married adult children, as a rule, do not live with their parents, are less willing and able to provide them with material assistance.

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    Useful tips for writing an overpopulation problems essay

    The essay genre does not imply any strict framework. However, it has a number of features that should be taken into account if you want to get a high score.