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09/13/2020

How to write about freedom and justice.

How to write about freedom and justice.

A number of rights related to the equality of people are universal: the right to life, liberty, security, adequate food, fair trial, freedom of movement, citizenship, family, property, freedom of thought, conscience, religion, convictions, work, rest and education.

Stress in “Human rights and duties” essay that any discrimination in relation to the listed rights is inadmissible. But there are special circumstances in life when a positive differentiation between people is possible. For example, special benefits and protection for pregnant and lactating women are not considered as discrimination (Maternity Protection Convention, 1952). The same applies to refugees (Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, 1951), children and adolescents (Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989), victims of torture (Convention Against Torture, 1984), mentally retarded persons (UN Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons, 1975), migrant workers (European Social Charter, 1961, UN Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 1990), racial and ethnic groups (International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1966).

Any benefits and restrictions may be established by the state only in the legislative order

Each good “Justice and human rights” thematic essay example contains the description of the following benefits which were received by people in the course of the class struggle: the right to take part in the management of the state through parliamentary representation, the right to paid vacation, to fair remuneration for work, to participate in the management of enterprises, to act in the sphere of private property, and, especially, the right to street marches, rallies, demonstrations and strikes. Exactly the latter group of rights allows workers to correct the social, domestic and foreign policies of the ruling elite.

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Workers can be passive during parliamentary campaigns and referendums. But they are always active in political struggle. Through rallies, demonstrations, they can satisfy own social demands, directly influence the activities of government. The possibility of such legal pressure allows to preserve the social peace in developed countries.

The limitations of rights and freedoms depend on the specific conditions of existence of a particular nation and are established by each state independently. However, it should be mentioned in Universal Declaration of Human Rights essay that this document sets a number of conditions: restrictions are established solely by law, and the law can be adopted with a view to ensure due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of citizens, meeting the requirements of morality, public order and general welfare in a democratic state.

The multitude of interpretations of the concept of human rights and its unscrupulous use by some members of society stipulate the need for external control. In 1950, Western European states signed the European Convention on Human Rights. The Convention established the European Court of Human Rights which deals with disputes between the parties to the Convention. A European Commission on Human Rights has also been established. And, in addition, there are numerous public organizations that try to control the state of affairs in this sphere.

The European system has established a completely new monitoring mechanism in the field of human rights protection and served as a model for the American (1969), African (1981) and CIS (1993) systems for the protection of human rights. The American system was established within the framework of the Organization of American States (OAS, 1948).

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Mention in American Convention on Human Rights essay that this document, adopted in 1969, entered into force only in 1978. According to it, the Inter-American Commission (1960) and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (1978) are responsible for monitoring the implementation of commitments undertaken by participating states.

Description of modern situation in US for human rights research paper

American authorities do much to strengthen human rights and freedoms in the country. There are important successes. But at the same time, it’s possible to say about a number of violations and shortcomings.

The death penalty

It should be written in “Death penalty violates human rights” essay that, unfortunately, this measure is preserved and applied in practice in the United States. For example, in 2014, the death penalty was established in 21 states. The execution of the death penalty for the crimes of ‘asequal temperament, cruel treatment and murder’. In the US, there is a trend to the gradual abolition of the death penalty, although the number of people awaiting execution is very high.

Right to privacy

In 2013, a scandal with the National Security Agency, which collected personal data from millions of US citizens and shared this information with other government agencies, was widely discussed. It became known that the CIA paid $ 10 million to the telephone company to get access to the database of calls from citizens and foreigners.

An additional problem is the right of the FBI (since 2008) to conduct a kind of preliminary investigation (evaluation) of the activities of any person, even if there is no reason to suspect him of a crime.