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09/13/2020

How to write an abstract for a dissertation?

How to write an abstract for a dissertation?

This part will be read by at least 40 people, while whole paper is usually reviewed in detail by a maximum of 5 teachers. This means that special scrupulousness is needed here. So, what is a dissertation abstract? It is a brief summary of the project which has the following structure:

  • Introduction: a general description of the work with the justification of the novelty and relevance of the study, description of the author and his attachment to the chosen topic.
  • Main part reveals the essence of the study: research approaches and methods, main stages of the work, applied methodology, structure and scope of the dissertation, findings. Any conclusions must be confirmed by objective, accurate data. Any theories should be proposed with the indication that these are only assumptions.
  • The last part consists of a bibliographic description of the topic and the associated with particular research methods. Any conclusions arising in the course of the study should be confirmed in the arguments. Any theories should be proposed with the indication that these are only assumptions.
  • The style, presentation of information in the abstract should be of scientific nature. All formulations should be succinct, concise, clear and precise. The statement of the problem, the hypothesis, the conclusions – all this should be logical, concretized and objective. In addition, control the volume – information should be compressed: only the essence, nothing extra. The following techniques are often used to achieve brevity: terms repeated many times are replaced by abbreviations; complex sentences, awkward constructions be replaced by simpler formulations.

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    Focus on the requirements of the commission. On the official university website, download the dissertation abstract example written in your specialty and accepted by the professors, or ask the supervisor where you can find such a paper. Taking into account the characteristics of a successful sample, compile your own version.

    Dissertation chapters

    The requirements for the content of the main part are established by the supervisor and the scientific council. As a rule, it consists of several chapters listed below.

  • Literature review
  • A review of the literature begins immediately after the introduction. The author analyzes the sources of information on the selected topic. It is a detailed description of the subject and object of study, the degree of their cognition in the modern world. It is worth pushing off from the concepts of the topic and disclosing the topic on their basis. The commission will evaluate the applicant’s knowledge of the topic not only within the work but also within the whole branch of science.

    If the project is focused on several aspects of the problem, the dissertation chapter 1 can be divided into subsections devoted to different sides of the issue. In this case, each item must be numbered.

    Very often, it is difficult to compile he first chapter until the other parts are completed. Therefore, as you write, the conclusions of the first chapter can be supplemented and expanded.

  • Research methods
  • A methodology chapter in dissertation is relatively small in volume but plays a significant role in the course of the study. In it, the applicant provides a description of empirical and theoretical research techniques that have been applied, lists the equipment or computer programs used, indicates the experimental studies conducted. This part can be divided into thematic points, separately describing each specific method or arranged by the general level of elaboration.

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  • Dissertation discussion section
  • This block reflects the process of research. It can be called the most complex and important element of the whole course, its heart, the core. Therefore, if you know how to write a dissertation discussion, consider that 50% of success is guaranteed.

    The structure of the text depends on the topic and the nature of the results obtained. But most often, the author should:

  • Structure the source data collected for the study and show how he used them.
  • Trace the impact of the applied techniques on the findings.
  • List the limitations encountered. As a rule, absolutely accurate calculations are possible only in theory. In real life, everything is different. Scientists stumble upon obstacles that prevent them from creating ideal models.
  • The key function of this chapter is to show the best of the scientific knowledge on the topic in order to motivate the reader to act further.

  • How to write the results section of a dissertation?
  • This part has two main functions:

  • comparison with the theories of other authors;
  • explaining the scientific data, both empirical and theoretical, obtained in the course of the study.
  • You should describe the results obtained with all the details and nuances, characteristics, calculations, dependency graphs, models, conduct both qualitative and quantitative analysis. Be ready for the fact that the hypothesis is not always confirmed. If the initial assumption turned out to be wrong, it is necessary to clarify why this happened. Comparison with the concepts of other authors is carried out for each aspect of the issue.