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09/13/2020

How to write an abstract for a dissertation?

How to write an abstract for a dissertation?

This part will be read by at least 40 people, while whole paper is usually reviewed in detail by a maximum of 5 teachers. This means that special scrupulousness is needed here. So, what is a dissertation abstract? It is a brief summary of the project which has the following structure:

  • Introduction: a general description of the work with the justification of the novelty and relevance of the study, description of the author’s personal contribution which should be included in the study.
  • Main part reveals the essence of the study: research approaches and methods, main stages of the work, applied methodology, structure and scope of the dissertation, findings. Any conclusions must be confirmed by objective, accurate data. Any theories should be proposed with the indication that these are only assumptions.
  • The last part consists of a bibliographic description of the topic, the rationale for the choice of the sample or experimental methods, conclusions, and methodology. It is especially important for the introduction of new sections.
  • The style, presentation of information in the abstract should be of scientific nature. All formulations should be succinct, concise, clear and precise. The statement of the problem, the hypothesis, the conclusion – all this should be logical, concretized and objective. In addition, control the volume – information should be compressed: only the essence, nothing extra. The following techniques are often used to achieve brevity: terms repeated many times are replaced by abbreviations; complex sentences, awkward constructions be replaced by simpler formulations.

    Focus on the requirements of the commission. On the official university website, download the dissertation abstract example written in your specialty and accepted by the professors, or ask the supervisor where you can find such a paper. Taking into account the characteristics of a successful sample, compile your own version.

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    Dissertation chapters

    The requirements for the content of the main part are established by the supervisor and the scientific council. As a rule, it consists of several chapters listed below.

  • Literature review
  • A review of the literature begins immediately after the introduction. The author analyzes the sources of information on the selected topic. It is a detailed description of the subject and object of study, the degree of their cognition in the modern world. It is worth pushing off from the concepts of the subject and object and disclosing the topic on their basis. The commission will evaluate the applicant’s knowledge of literature review hand over each course of the study.

    If the project addresses several aspects of the problem, the dissertation chapter 1 can be divided into subsections devoted to different sides of the issue. In this case, each item must be numbered.

    Very often, it is difficult to compile he first chapter until the other parts are completed. Therefore, as you write, the conclusions of the first chapter can be supplemented and expanded.

  • Research methods
  • A methodology chapter in dissertation is relatively small in volume but plays a significant role in the course of the study. In it, the applicant provides a description of empirical and theoretical research techniques that have been applied, lists the equipment or computer programs used, indicates the experimental studies conducted. This part can be divided into thematic points, separately describing each specific method or arranged by the general level of elaboration.

  • Dissertation discussion section

    This block reflects the process of research. It can be called the most complex and important element of the whole coursework, its heart, the core. Therefore, if you know how to write a dissertation discussion, consider that 50% of success is guaranteed.

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    The structure of the text depends on the topic. So, you should think carefully how you craft the perfect thesis.

    The key feature of this part is the consistency of the words and the logic of the text. You should be sure that your statements are supported by reliable arguments.

    The main mistake in many students’ works is the long sentences. An example of the thesis statement for a research paper on human rights: “Over the last 10 years of research, the team of the Pro-Papers company has proved its credibility by helping thousands of students achieve the most ambitious goals.” How to write a short sentence? It is simple. The first thing you need to remember is that the text should not be too voluminous – write only what is necessary to tell about the results of your research paper. After that, you have to carefully analyze the remaining text to see whether the chain of explanations is not too voluminous.

    In order to create a really good thesis statement, you need to understand the meaning of it in the first place. Then you should definitely think about the length of the text – do you have an outline for the essay? What is the benefit of using an outline?

    As soon as you got the topic, the first thing that you want to check is the outline, or how you can make it perfect.