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09/13/2020

How to write an abstract for a dissertation?

How to write an abstract for a dissertation?

This part will be read by at least 40 people, while whole paper is usually reviewed in detail by a maximum of 5 teachers. This means that special scrupulousness is needed here. So, what is a dissertation abstract? It is a brief summary of the project which has the following structure:

  • Introduction: a general description of the work with the justification of the novelty and relevance of the study, description of the author and his role in the achievement of the goal.
  • Main part reveals the essence of the study: research approaches and methods, main stages of the work, applied methodology, structure and scope of the dissertation, findings. Any conclusions must be confirmed by objective, accurate data. Any theories should be proposed with the indication that these are only assumptions.

  • The last part consists of a bibliographic list of publications of the author. All indicated works should relate exclusively to the dissertation topic.
  • The style, presentation of information in the abstract should be of scientific nature. All formulations should be succinct, concise, clear and precise. The statement of the problem, the hypothesis, the conclusions – all this should be logical, concretized and objective. In addition, control the volume – information should be compressed: only the essence, nothing extra. The following techniques are often used to achieve brevity: terms repeated many times are replaced by abbreviations; complex sentences, awkward constructions be replaced by simpler formulations.

    Focus on the requirements of the commission. On the official university website, download the dissertation abstract example written in your specialty and accepted by the professors, or ask the supervisor where you can find such a paper. Taking into account the characteristics of a successful sample, compile your own version.

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    Dissertation chapters

    The requirements for the content of the main part are established by the supervisor and the scientific council. As a rule, it consists of several chapters listed below.

  • Literature review
  • A review of the literature begins immediately after the introduction. The author analyzes the sources of information on the selected topic. It is a detailed description of the subject and object of study, the degree of their cognition in the modern world. It is worth pushing off from the concepts of the subject and object and disclosing the topic on their basis. The commission will evaluate the applicant’s knowledge of economics, literature, history, mathematics, ecology, etc.

    If the project addresses several aspects of the problem, the dissertation chapter 1 can be divided into subsections devoted to different sides of the issue. In this case, each item must be numbered.

    Very often, it is difficult to compile he first chapter until the other parts are completed. Therefore, as you write, the conclusions of the first chapter can be supplemented and expanded.

  • Research methods
  • A methodology chapter in dissertation is relatively small in volume but plays a significant role in the course of the study. In it, the applicant provides a description of empirical and theoretical research techniques that have been applied, lists the equipment or computer programs used, indicates the experimental studies conducted. This part can be divided into thematic points, separately describing each specific method or arranged by the general level of elaboration.

  • Dissertation discussion section
  • This block reflects the process of research. It can be called the most complex and important element of the whole course, its heart, the core. Therefore, if you know how to write a dissertation discussion, consider that 50% of success is guaranteed.

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    The structure of the text depends on the topic and the nature of the results obtained. But most often, the author should:

  • Structure the source data collected for the study and show how he used them.
  • Trace the impact of the applied techniques on the findings.
  • The key function of this chapter is to show the best of the empirical research, highlighting the novelty of the study, the applicant’s interpretation of the data, the necessity of the application of certain findings.

    The main results obtained in this part are predictions of various outcomes of the applied techniques, an analysis of the results obtained. By the way, the results of the first chapter can be supplemented and expanded upon in the second part.

    The second part should be devoted to a review of the results obtained, their evaluation and some prospects of their impact on the real world.

    The third part should describe the theoretical and practical aspects of the work done, their insight into the underlying theories of the phenomenon under study. Simply, we can say that the student works with graphs, diagrams, making calculations: handles, graphs, and so on. Dissertation chapters should show the logical connection between the study of the problem and the application of various techniques, both empirical and theoretical, obtained results.