How to write an argumentative essay on income inequality
Starting to write an argumentative essay, you should first learn how to recognize the sources of income inequality. The word “income” is most often understood as financial independence of a person. It is sometimes also understood as an income of social groups, such as the upper and middle classes. In the first sense, the word “income” means the material well-being of a person. When people realize that all their earnings differ from the salaries of others, it usually manifests itself in the form of discontentment, dissatisfaction, and becoming a public question. This is the reason for the emergence of such an academic term – “middle class anxiety”.
Since the middle class is a traditionally vulnerable social group, almost every sociological, psychological parameters are considered in the essay on income inequality for students. In particular, the topic of inequality refers to the problems of economic inequality in the United States. The topic also suggests the analysis of the functioning of the economy, the national character of the middle class, its social and economic characteristics.
Based on the research conducted in the United States, the following aspects are of great importance: class structure, income inequality, political situation, and social dynamics of the United States.
The level of social stratification of the population is lower than in the European Union, but the trend in the inequality of labor and social relations is more significant than the trends in these parameters. In Europe, the idea of equality suffuses a sense of self-respect in the hearts of the participants. In America, the discourse of equality is often limited only to the status of the rich, and the principles of social responsibility are rarely used.
Based on the results of the US, the following conclusions were drawn in an income inequality research: the labor receipts dominate in the structure of the incomes of the middle class. Work activity determines the social status of representatives of the middle class. Like the elite, the middle class invests funds in real estate and liquid assets.
The financial situation of the middle class is characterized by the correlation between the nominal and real incomes, the ease of changing the social status of representatives of the middle class. As a rule, the status of representatives of the middle class is determined by economic parameters, and the incomes of the middle class reflect the needs of the whole society.
In the structure of household expenditures, the middle class spends a little less money on average than in the other elements of the social structure. But the activity of the middle class in the sphere of household activities is quite different from the activities of the elite. In the first sense, the middle class is not a “working” body. It is an entrepreneurial community, which evolved into a capitalist organization.
The second change in the social status of representatives of the middle class takes place in the process of economic recovery. The activity of representatives of the middle class means the substantial increase in the wealth of the middle class. In the process of economic recovery, the standard of living is continuously raised. The incomes of the middle class are sufficiently high. But the real standard of living is not lower than in the corresponding sector of the population.
The levels of household spending differ sharply. The median level of expenditure is four times higher than the income of the richest members of the population. The expenditure of the middle class in the range of household activities is 10 times higher than the incomes of the bottom class.
The level of income inequality is comparable to the level of the middle class in the United States. But the gap between the middle class and the lower class is tremendous. The expenditures of the middle class are 10 times higher than the revenues of the lower class. The shape of the middle class is dominated by the activities of the lower class: philanthropies, membership in charitable organizations,, particular patronage that the state provides.
The center of the household spending is the bedroom. The expenditure of each adult is initially limited to the cover of essential needs. The lifestyle of a young family is therefore determined by the cost of a wide range of goods: clothing, education, marriage services, entertainment, and recreation in the summer.
A “bank account” is the amount of money allocated to a particular individual. The main thing that parents must have to give to their children in the form of contributions.
The kids can be considered as the well-known “investors” of the family. As a rule, they are wealthy, and the cause of their poverty is the inability of families, the lack of knowledge and connections between the children and the parents. In the study of income inequality in the United States, it is so important that the gap between the positions of children and adults is not preserved at all times. The role of the kids is to provide the income of parents.
To make the monetary balance, it is important to take into account the interests of the middle class members. The following possibilities are of their application: