How to write an essay on economic and political reasons for increased population growth rates, consider writing an essay on the reasons for increased population growth. First, the overall population is becoming more and more racially and ethnically diverse. This process is accompanied by the natural increase in the number of states in Africa and Asia, the decrease in the number of agricultural landlocked countries.
If talking about the economic reasons for population growth, you may try to look at the following factors: in the 1950-1960s, the world’s population was 80 million (3.2 billion) – more than the population of the USSR. Since 1960, there has been a rapid reduction of population to 62 million people, mainly from Bangladesh, Nigeria, Russia, and China. Given the fact that most countries have adopted some measure of regulation of population growth, including strict requirements for attracting attention to the problem of population growth, the number of people has decreased. But the process of population aging has slowed down, the number of elderly people has ceased to be a single-digit number. In addition, the number of children has increased. As for the youth, they have become younger.
Now, in 15 EU countries, above 15% of citizens are not aged 18 years old but still work. This percentage is very different from the norm of 15 years earlier. The age of childhood and adolescence is 19 years, the age of adulthood – 20 years. The causes of population aging are ambiguous. On the one hand, this is the decline in the birth rate, which leads to a reduction in the number of children and young people, on the other – an increase in life expectancy. In 1996, the average life expectancy in the EU was 80 years for women and 74 years for men. Sweden had the highest indicator, Portugal – the lowest.
Here are the most important economic and social consequences of this trend which should be described in an aging population research paper:
It should be mentioned in an aging population opinion essay that this phenomenon influences the structure of material production, changes the range of goods and services in accordance with the needs of older clients. It is also necessary to change some technological operations, adapt machines and equipment to the age-specific characteristics of workers. Means of transport, opportunities, and ease of their use also should correspond to the requirements of older people.
A certain part of the elderly population can and wants to work. However, in a number of countries, there are laws that establish the age when a person must leave the workplace. In most states, such a border is 65 years old. But life does not always fit into the strict prescriptions of legislators. Therefore, in accordance with some pension systems, early retirement is encouraged.
On the one hand, there is a tendency for an earlier retirement, which in some countries leads to a certain decrease in pension payments. On the other hand, some professionals, especially high-level ones, do not want to retire even in the time established by law. In general, the share of employees older than 65 years reduces. This does not apply to farms where people work until old age. But the share of people employed in agriculture is small and continues to decrease.
A huge influx of women (often highly educated) into the labor market leads to the displacement of older men in some countries. The use of fundamentally new production technologies also displaces the older generation. The retraining of the elderly is considered unprofitable by the entrepreneurs: it is more expedient to invest in training of young, promising workers who have many years of labor life ahead of them.
The process of population aging is closely related to the evolution that the family institution undergoes now. As a result of major social, demographic and economic changes, the family is divided into generations and often cannot provide care for elderly relatives. The proportion of elderly people living with their children or relatives steadily declines.
Some experts claim that the family falls apart and there is even a danger of its complete disappearance as a public institution. Basically, a modern family consists of parents and minor children. Married adult children, as a rule, do not live with their parents, are less willing and able to provide them with material assistance.