How to write an essay on economic growth

How to write an essay on economic growth

The pace of economic growth depends on several factors, and as the graph shows, in the future, the growth rate of the national economy will be determined by a combination of factors. So, it may be written in the essay on economic growth that the supply of productive resources will gradually decline and the demand for them will increase.

Most likely, the pace of production and consumption of resources will slow down eventually, but the feedback of the population on these issues will be complex. Therefore, the measures must be taken to counteract the increase in the amount of materials and energy spent on the economy. You can push forward the following proposal in an advantages of population growth essay: the program should become a priority of the government to prevent population growth at the pace of 1-5 million people a year.

To prevent population growth, governmental regulation of population is necessary. The restriction of population growth (censorship) is one of the main measures to prevent it. Another measure to prevent population excess is the imposition of work requirements on individuals. Among these requirements, there should be a ban on working conditions and the distribution of income between different economic classes.

But there are other measures to implement. The correct allocation of resources is the key to success in the fight against poverty, and the ability to use the free potential of the population, its individual strengths and weaknesses, their adaptation to the changes in the economy. Use the following strategies to describe in an essay on population management: allocation of limited resources, priority distribution of tasks, the recognition of the necessary and disadvantageous roles of each demographic, the establishment of work and social insurance programs, social assistance and such socio-psychological studies as cognition and emotional regulation.

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The following problems arise here: the lack of comprehensive information on the standard of living and the inability of everyone, even the most vulnerable members of the population, to stand out from the noise of incurable diseases, to name just one. The problems of population aging, decline in the birth rate, alienation of the elderly, may be described in your essay on population explosion.

If the population is composed exclusively of the younger generation, then the disorder of the family and the inability of families, the short-term housing market and the services market may be described as the main tools for mitigating these problems. Specific programs aimed at the prevention of family conflicts may be oriented at the problem of family aging, child abuse, alcoholism, and neglect.

The problem of population aging

Aging population argumentative essay topics are quite relevant today, because according to the UN, during 1994-2014, the number of people over 60 years has doubled. In 2014, the number of old people in the world exceeded the number of children under the age of five.

In some countries, for example, in France and Sweden, the first signs of a population aging have emerged in the last century. But never before the increase in the number of old people has occurred with such pace and scale as today.

Now, in 15 EU countries, above 15% of citizens are at the age of 65 years and higher. The youngest country is Ireland (11.5%), and the oldest one is Sweden (17.5%). However, during the coming decades, the gap will decrease. The elderly group will be supplemented by generations born during the last baby boom (1946-1964). Compared to Western European countries, the United States is a younger state: there are less than 13% of people over 65 years old.

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The causes of population aging are ambiguous. On the one hand, this is the decline in the birth rate, which leads to a reduction in the number of children and young people, on the other – an increase in life expectancy. In 1996, the average life expectancy in the EU was 80 years for women and 74 years for men. Sweden had the highest indicator, Portugal – the lowest.

Here are the most important economic and social consequences of this trend which should be described in an aging population research paper:

  • An increase in the proportion of older people poses a task for society to organize care for them, especially since the proportion of people older than 80 years grows faster than the proportion of older people as a whole. From 1960 to 1990, the number of people with the age above 80 years has grown in the EU countries from 5 to 12 million people, that is, by 140%.
  • Medical care for the elderly, the need for which, naturally, increases with aging. It involves additional funding, expanding the network of medical, gerontological institutions and qualitative restructuring of the health care system.
  • The employment of the elderly population, provision of working places for “young seniors”.
  • It is important to maintain an active life position of the elderly, involve them in public life and fight against loneliness.
  • It should be mentioned in an aging population opinion essay that this phenomenon influences the structure of material production, changes the range of goods and services in accordance with the needs of older clients.