How to write an essay on poverty?
The phenomenon of poverty has been known since the French Revolution (1789-1799) and the experience of the successive generations of workers have produced a unique opportunity to define it in the light of the Third World. The incremental nature of the process of economic, social and political progress, the contradictions inherent in this challenge are objectively manifested, which is directly opposite the view of the ideal created by the American Dream.
Surprised by the contradiction between the ideal of a universal, collective material well-being and the social reality, the poor man begins to question the existence of such a distinction between his ideas and the system of others. At the end of the XVII century, the philosopher Michel Foucault presented the thesis that the difference between people is not something natural, it is socially just a consequence of the ability of each to make money. The mechanism of exploitation is based on the imbalance of the social type, the disparity of the results of labor, the imbalance of social types. The interest of the individual is not the goal of the struggle but the effort that is made in the process of reaching personal goals. The individual receives the means of production and thus becomes a part of the collective wealth. In Europe, the dream of wealth was not associated with material production. In America, the dream of wealth was the result of the economic elite, the elite of the new society. In Europe, the dream of wealth was the basis of a democratic civil society. In America, the dream of wealth was the basis of the Enlightenment. In Europe, the dream of wealth was the basis of a democratic state. In America, the dream of wealth was the basis of the freedom of the new country. The changes in the value system have not yet been fully realized, but still not much of the lower class has been transformed.
More than one hundred years after the French Revolution, the social composition of the population was shaken by the cleavage of the social class, the destruction of the middle class, the emergence of a mass culture of leisure, entertainment, and consumption of alcohol. The idol of the upper class, the trophy of wealth, were diluted with the ease of increase in the number of well-to-do landowners, and the level of labour and material comfort of the average person has increased. In Europe, the ideal of the individual was being developed. In America, the image of the average person was disturbing. Very often the features of the individual were determined precisely by his position in the class structure of society.
The transition of the society in the evolution of the labor market also deserves consideration. There is a correlation between the change in the value system and the level of the social stratification of people. In period of inequality, the working class no longer represents a unified whole but consists members of the lower strata.
Generally, the decline in the social stratification of society occurs with the advance of the industrial revolution. The ranks of the labour force under the influence of the economy are sharply raised. The transformation of the value system leads to the collapse of the old, established social classes.
An important factor is the change in the orientation of economic activity on the process of social stratification, the increased involvement of the working class in the process of economic life, the loosening of the social stratification of the population.
The main social groups consist of the industrial and agrarian sectors of the economy – manufacturing, agriculture, natural resources and so on. Because of this, the industrial revolution has led to a large-scale transformation of the values of these layers of the population.
The second change in the value system which should be described in economic inequality essay is the liberation of the middle class from its role as the backbone of the society and, especially, the breakdown of the value of the middle class.
The following transformation occurs precisely within the framework of the transformation of the American economy and the distribution of incomes: the labour receipts dominate in the structure of the incomes of the middle class. Work activity determines the social status of representatives of this stratum. Unlike the elite groups, the share of income from property is lower, and, unlike poor groups, the share of social benefits is lower.
The influence of social belonging is manifested, in particular, in the different attitude of representatives of the middle class to certain types of activity, the conditions and content of labor. Participating in the social division of labor, representatives of the middle class use their professional and qualification potential based on a high level of education.
The structure of household expenditures also can play the important role as a criterion for the identification of various social groups, since there are laws linking income and consumption in the modern society. The structure of household spending is most sensitive to changes in the ratio of income to prices for specific goods.
It’s worth stating in wealth inequality essay that, in the broad sense, the middle class refers to 60% of the population. This group has the incomes above the poverty line but not belongs to the richest strata.