How to write an essay on poverty
Starting from the history of poverty itself, we can see that throughout the next 100 years of social and economic changes, the main force that can cause real changes in the lives of people is disease, specifically, chronic poverty. This concept is often used in marketing essays for childhood and adulthood. It is intended to attract attention of the reader, to show how serious the problem is. The idea of disease is often supported by poor statistics, statistics show us, that chronic poverty has a tendency to an accelerated development, catching people off their jobs, keeping them in poverty, etc. In case of the later development, the causes of poverty are usually pegged to economic changes, must be able to attract attention of the whole society.
However, there are also cases when, for different reasons, the disease is working in the family. You should also understand that this is not necessarily the cause of poverty. If all other forms of poverty are easily accessible, then this phenomenon can’t be considered as the only one, in which social problems may be solved.
Causes of poverty
The phenomenon may be recognized as negative only if it harms the individual. Otherwise, we will not be able to talk about the negative effects of poverty on the whole society. There are many causes, and they are listed in order of their occurrence in the society.
The interests of the middle class were fundamentally opposed to the interests of the labor force, which, in turn, was divided into two classes: the rich and the poor.
The income inequality of the rich was achieved by a combination of the former. At the beginning of the XX century, the top of the social ladder in the United States was not equal for a single person. The first part of the capitalist class, which emerged from the activity of the elite and the upper strata of society, managed to make deals with the lower strata. The middle class began to play a dominant role in the distribution of income. In the course of economic development, its position increased.
The pattern of economic growth was maintained despite the fundamental changes in the content of the population’s income. In the 1960s, the middle class became the main income of the American society. Paying for almost $615 billion in taxes, the middle class contributed to the wider distribution of incomes. The underlying motives of economic change were improvement of the material base, in particular, but the growth of labor productivity observed in the 1960s was not maintained.
A number of other changes in the distribution of incomes was observed: in the 1960s, the wages of factory workers were 3.5 times higher than earnings in the agricultural sector. The wages of waiters and drivers were 16 times higher than earnings in the surrounding industries.
The ratio between the wages of top and middle class has radically changed. In the 1960s, the wages of the middle class were little higher than the salaries of the labor force. But the situation has changed dramatically since. The wages of Americans have grown significantly. The share of income from property and services have increased. The share of social benefits has become much lower.