How to write an essay on welfare
This is, perhaps, the most important part of the text. Welfare is a form of protection for the rights of the individual, organized society. It includes such factors as freedom, justice, adequate food, fair trial, complete legal and cultural development, and social protection. This dimension should be considered in the essay on social and economic development of countries of the world.
Wages and pensions are considered as the basic components of the incomes of the population. Work is the most important social institution, as it gives a direct result of the accumulation of material wealth, and therefore, has a pronounced impact on the social sphere.
Pensions are a form of financial support, as the state pension is a guarantee of social protection. Support is provided in case of the onset of old age, disability, loss of the bread-winner. The structure of pensions is often filled with highly specialized components. For example, social pensions are supplemented by the social activity of women including voting, social activity, musical activities, sport activities, entertainment, among others.
Other social components of pensions are education (health, social life, creative activity, etc.), social activity (work, public appearances, etc.), as well as a number of other features. Each state sets its own rules for the minimum wage and social activity in the workplace. So, the processes of socialization are regulated by governmental regulations.
Often the struggle for the living standards is associated with a certain perspective on life, the ideas about the future. It allows to specify the causes of this struggle for the current generation. The subject also should be enough to warrant the consideration of the topic.
The corresponding requirement for the size of pensions is met by the measures taken by the population, on the basis of which an increase in pension payments is made. On the one hand, this is the struggle for the living standards to be lower, but on the other – to be higher. In simple terms, the two measures are identical. They affect the number of working people. But they are not identical.
An example is the liberation of a young person from unsafe work that is not accompanied by a reliable fear of losing a job. This is a typical example of how the social structure of a modern society is formed. Responsive to the challenges of population, it allows to maximize the amount of working force that can be preserved.
To make the life of the working force easier, more people enter the labor market, the rate of participation in economic activity rises. What you need to attract to enter the labor market? The following criteria are of the importance: qualification, competency, and attractiveness of the position.
Rate of social mobility is also increasing. The share of the labor force employed in enterprises and organizations steadily increases. In 1973, the lower class of the workforce was able to compete with the upper class of the labor force in England. Now, the workers of this class are above the middle class of the labor force and are one of the most important indicators of the economic growth of the country.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that, in addition to the normal factors listed above, the increase in the number of international workers has occurred quite recently. From the point of view of the economy, it is particularly important to attract the young workers: graduates of the MBB degree are a highly valued staff.
How to prevent poverty?
Persistent poverty implies the problem of income inequality, which is usually manifested, especially in the urbanized regions. In the urbanized regions, the lower and middle classes compete in employment and wealth only to a certain extent. The wealth of the poor often is based on low-quality work, and this leads to the unmistakable social and economic consequences of this trend which may be described in the essay on poverty and income inequality.
In India, the number of working kids declined significantly between 1993 and 2005, but many urban dwellers still work. Mostly it concerns the rural areas. In addition, teenagers are still employed in industry. Legislation existing since 1986 allowed adolescents to engage in non-hazardous production. In 2013, India adopted a law prohibiting persons under the age of 14 years to work whether it is a dangerous or non-hazardous industry.
Nevertheless, the court decided that children can work together with their relatives or in family business in order to learn the basics of the profession and useful skills. But it should be stressed in a child labour in India essay that, in practice, this means that many kids still produce various things and sell them, work as domestic and hotel servants, waiters and cooks.
According to the UNICEF report of 1990, the quality of educational institutions in rural areas of India leaves much to be desired. 50% of publicly funded primary schools do not have their own building, 40% do not have a blackboard. Only a few have books and teaching aids. Children often do not have enough time to study. Schools can’t attract them. Meanwhile, child labour is one of the causes of poverty.