How to write an income inequality essay

How to write an income inequality essay

The topic of the income inequality in the United States is invariably relevant not only among American historians, but also among public figures, politicians, in the broad circles of the US public. Important ideological motives always were at the heart of their perception of this problem.

The main one is connected with a different interpretation of the category of “equality” which, since the emergence of American civilization, has acted as one of its core values. In the minds of many Americans, it meant and means equality of opportunities. It may be emphasized in the upside of income inequality essay that this interpretation provides a basis for justifying economic imbalance, since, in the presence of equality of opportunities, individuals with different abilities achieve different results.

But the number of Americans who believe that the society is obliged to ensure a certain leveling of the results of citizens’ activities through reforms increased in recent years. They state that there is no exemplary equality of opportunities in real life, and poverty is unacceptable in a developed modern society.

Such a worldview difference seriously influences the approaches and conclusions of American researchers addressing the problem of economic inequality. The discrepancies between theories are also determined by the difference in methodological and methodical approaches, used sources.

In general, all researchers can be divided into optimists and pessimists. The representatives of first group believe that the economic inequality in the US did not acquire a threatening or dramatic character and did not contradict public justice. The second group is convinced that there were sharp economic contrasts at all or many stages of American history, and this inequality deserves a critical evaluation.

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In the course of writing an income inequality exploratory essay, you need to develop own point of view, to formulate it in a clear thesis and to provide worthy arguments. The best evidence is examples from life. To use them skillfully, you have to consider the history of the United States in detail.

Tendencies of colonial period for income inequality research paper

Referring to historical examples in effects of income inequality in America essay, it’s worth recalling that the colonial period (1607-1775) was the first stage on which economic imbalance was clearly visible. Its specificity was largely determined by the specifics of the social and ethnic composition of the North American population:

  • The main social groups were represented by the white settlers: by the end of the XVII century, their number reached more than 200 thousand people, and by the end of the colonial period – 2 million.
  • The third major group consisted of the Indians. They were not included in the society created by the white settlers (although they interacted; most part of contacts had a conflict nature due to the desire of the whites to expand the territory of residence at the expense of the Indians).
  • Black Americans were part of North American society as a lower class of slaves. The contrast in the positions of black slaves and white Americans may be considered as the most profound manifestation of economic inequality. But it deserves separate research. Here, we will talk about the differences in the positions of white citizens.

    The white population of the colonial era was divided into two main economically and socially unequal categories: free settlers and so-called contracted servants. The labor of white servants was used because of the lack of sufficient manpower. In Europe, the servants were chosen from the poor or declassed strata. They were able to work only under the conditions of a social and economic crisis. It was impossible to find work in the market, although the servants were free from exploitation. All this means that the servants were used to protect the poor, to console the elderly, to win the sympathy of the crowd, to command inferiors. In Europe, the image of a servant was much closer to the idea of a “wedman”, according to the biblical commandment “all people are equal”.

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    Social and economic terms of the American Revolution

    The American Revolution was the result of a long process of social changes, its first recorded attempt which happened in the spring of the 1680s. The labour of the free white population was used because of the lack of sufficient manpower. In Europe, the servants were chosen from the poor or declassed strata. They agreed to perform any work for their master on the terms of providing meager food and clothing (but without monetary compensation) during a stipulated period of time (usually 4-7 years).

    In the American revolutionary movement, the servants were legalized as fully as possible. In particular, the word “servant” was invented. The definition of this concept in the American media is quite vague, and the interpretation of the law in the public consciousness is quite restricted.

    Government defined “servant” as a citizen of the United States.