How to write an international human rights essay?
Since the 12th century, the pace of positive changes in the world has been constant. The status of many countries has improved. The number of people has increased. The level of educational freedom has increased. The number of educational institutions has become larger. The number of university courses has increased.
When speaking of human rights, it is worth noting in “History of human rights” essay that, in the Peoples’ Constitutions, it was established, which implied, among other things, the supremacy of the law over the example of another, the principle of people’s sovereignty and freedom. The first Sovereign George Washington wrote that the inhabitants of the new land would be free from any attempts of private ownership, accumulation of wealth and social immensity.
The very word “freedom” means equality of people. In reality, freedom is the power of individual entrepreneurship, which gives everyone the opportunity to act in accordance with own convictions, highlight legal and philosophical aspects of particular issues. It is impossible to achieve success without adherence to these principles, and only the laws can control the undesirable consequences of economic imbalance.
Despite the progress of the natural law system which may be described in essay on economic inequality, many people are still not satisfied with the quality of their citizenship, and this discrepancy provokes discussions among the individual and mass consciousness of the question of human rights.
A number of rights related to the equality of people are universal: the right to life, liberty, security, adequate food, fair trial, freedom of movement, citizenship, family, property, freedom of thought, conscience, religion, convictions, work, rest and education.
Stress in “Human rights and duties” essay that any discrimination in relation to the listed rights is inadmissible. But there are special circumstances in life when a positive differentiation between people is possible. For example, special benefits and protection for pregnant and lactating women are not considered as discrimination (Maternity Protection Convention, 1952). The same applies to refugees (Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, 1951), children and adolescents (Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989), victims of torture (Convention Against Torture, 1984), mentally retarded persons (UN Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons, 1975), migrant workers (European Social Charter, 1961, UN Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 1990), racial and ethnic groups (International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1966).
Any benefits and restrictions may be established by the state only in the legislative order
Each good “Justice and human rights” thematic essay example contains the description of the following benefits which were received by people in the course of the class struggle: the right to take part in the management of the state through parliamentary representation, the right to paid vacation, to fair treatment, to the right to participate in the management of enterprises, to act in the sphere of private property, and, especially, the right to street marches, rallies, demonstrations and strikes. Exactly the latter group of rights allows workers to correct the social, domestic and foreign policies of the ruling elite.
Workers can be passive during parliamentary campaigns and referendums. But they are always active in political struggle. Through rallies, demonstrations, they can satisfy own social demands, directly influence the activities of government. The possibility of such legal pressure allows to preserve the social peace in developed countries of the world.
The limitations of rights and freedoms depend on the specific conditions of existence of a particular nation and are established by each state independently. However, it should be mentioned in Universal Declaration of Human Rights essay that this document sets a number of conditions: restrictions are established solely by law, and the law can be adopted with a view to ensure due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of citizens, meeting the requirements of morality, public order and general welfare in a democratic state.
The multitude of interpretations of the concept of human rights and its unscrupulous use by some members of society stipulate the need for external control. In 1950, Western European states signed the European Convention on Human Rights. The Convention established the European Court of Human Rights which deals with disputes between the parties to the Convention. A European Commission on Human Rights has also been established. And, in addition, there are numerous public organizations that try to control the state of affairs in this sphere.
The European system has established a completely new monitoring mechanism in the field of human rights protection and served as a model for the American (1969), African (1981) and CIS (1993) systems for the protection of human rights. The American system was established within the framework of the Organization of American States (OAS, 1948).
Mention in American Convention on Human Rights essay that this document, adopted in 1969, entered into force only in 1978.