How to write in a research paper on population explosion that, speaking in 1996, the world’s population was 1.65 billion. And it is even more shocking. The number of people included in this figure is shocking: 210 million people were born and died on our planet. And, although, according to the UN, the population of the planet has increased to 2.7 billion, it is still not enough.
To force the problem of population growth, the UN created a program for the assessment of the number of people who lived on our planet during the whole human history. The term “human history” means a back of humanity’s development, the period of the oldest age. The ancestors of our time were wiped out of the new land base, and the last survivors were left to the islands and settled on the new land base. Now, the period of the oldest established civilization is called the “Thalsian period “and” – the present-day population is 1.85 billion.
And, with the most rapid rate of growth, the population of people has grown in the last 30 years. The fastest increase in the population of people occurred in the last 40 years. And it is directly related to the improvement of the quality of education. Quality conditions of life allow to grow faster not only in rural areas but also in the cities. The number of people employed in agriculture has increased dramatically. The number of people employed in agriculture is 3.4 times since the 1950s. And the situation is not about the slow process of population aging. On the contrary, in the past 30 years, the number of old people has increased in the world.
In 1996, the average life expectancy in the EU was 80 years for women and 74 years for men. This figure may be mentioned in another important factor to include in an essay on population explosion. The fact is that the average life expectancy in the EU countries has grown from 37 to 55 years in recent years. It is higher than the life expectancy in the United States.
Here are the most important economic and social consequences of this trend which should be described in an aging population research paper:
It should be mentioned in an aging population opinion essay that this phenomenon influences the structure of material production, changes the range of goods and services in accordance with the needs of older clients. It is also necessary to change some technological operations, adapt machines and equipment to the age-specific characteristics of workers. Means of transport, opportunities, and ease of their use also should correspond to the requirements of older people.
A certain part of the elderly population can and wants to work. However, in a number of countries, there are laws that establish the age when a person must leave the workplace. In most states, such a border is 65 years old. But life does not always fit into the strict prescriptions of legislators. Therefore, in accordance with some pension systems, early retirement is encouraged.
On the one hand, there is a tendency for an earlier retirement, which in some countries leads to a certain decrease in pension payments. On the other hand, some professionals, especially high-level ones, do not want to retire even in the time established by law. In general, the share of employees older than 65 years reduces. This does not apply to farms where people work until old age. But the share of people employed in agriculture is small and continues to decrease.
A huge influx of women (often highly educated) into the labor market leads to the displacement of older men in some countries. The use of fundamentally new production technologies also displaces the older generation. The retraining of the elderly is considered unprofitable by the entrepreneurs: it is more expedient to invest in training of young, promising workers who have many years of labor life ahead of them.
The process of population aging is closely related to the evolution that the family institution undergoes now. As a result of major social, demographic and economic changes, the family is divided into generations and often cannot provide care for elderly relatives. The proportion of elderly people living with their children or relatives steadily declines.
Some experts claim that the family falls apart and there is even a danger of its complete disappearance as a public institution.