How to write in a research paper on population that, in terms of double digit growth, the population continues to increase at the level of 12-15 million people (an increase in relation to the entire population of the Earth). And the population of certain subgroups of population, including women and children, increases in accordance with this parameter.
In Europe, the family is considered as one of the most protected institutions society institutions. In America, there are secular organizations of society able to deal with this problem for a long time. But the process of population aging is observed in the following countries: in the suburbs of New York and in the centre of the old continent. Here, the family fills the whole society. The number of children is 10-15 million.
Secular organizations are an important tool for monitoring the demographic process and predicting its outcomes. The Council, a non-governmental organization, conducts these activities.
Sometimes, it is quite difficult to get information about the process of population aging, because the process of population aging is combined in the system of socio-economic processes. The family is one of the most important social institutions. There is information about the number of people who have died, the proportion of elderly people, etc. In addition, the proportion of infertile people is very high.
As of the beginning of the 20th century, the family was able to provide the social and economic growth of the majority of the population of the earth. However, the course of linear economic growth stopped after the middle of the 20th century. Since that time, the birth rate has consistently reached one of the highest values in the world, and only has started to decline. The family has continuously experienced the rapid growth in the number of children, and the number of mothers has repeatedly increased.
The cause of population aging is ambiguous. On the one hand, this is the decline in the birth rate, which leads to a reduction in the number of children and young people, on the other – an increase in life expectancy. In 1996, the average life expectancy in the EU was 80 years for women and 74 years for men. Sweden had the highest indicator, Portugal – the lowest.
Here are the most important economic and social consequences of this trend which should be described in an aging population research paper:
It should be mentioned in an aging population opinion essay that this phenomenon influences the structure of material production, changes the range of goods and services in accordance with the needs of older clients. It is also necessary to change some technological operations, adapt machines and equipment to the age-specific characteristics of workers. Means of transport, opportunities, and ease of their use also should correspond to the requirements of older people.
A certain part of the elderly population can and wants to work. However, in a number of countries, there are laws that establish the age when a person must leave the workplace. In most states, such a border is 65 years old. But life does not always fit into the strict prescriptions of legislators. Therefore, in accordance with some pension systems, early retirement is encouraged.
On the one hand, there is a tendency for an earlier retirement, which in some countries leads to a certain decrease in pension payments. On the other hand, some professionals, especially high-level ones, do not want to retire even in the time established by law. In general, the share of employees older than 65 years reduces. This does not apply to farms where people work until old age. But the share of people employed in agriculture is small and continues to decrease.
A huge influx of women (often highly educated) into the labor market leads to the displacement of older men in some countries. The use of fundamentally new production technologies also displaces the older generation. The retraining of the elderly is considered unprofitable by the entrepreneurs: it is more expedient to invest in training of young, promising workers who have many years of labor life ahead of them.
The process of population aging is closely related to the evolution that the family institution undergoes now. As a result of major social, demographic and economic changes, the family is divided into generations and often cannot provide care for elderly relatives.