How to write in the consequences of population growth essay that, according to experts, 5 million people lived on Earth, but they formed a population of 10 million. The full number of population reached 1.5 billion, and by 2030, it is expected to grow to 2.8 billion.
The world population is now more than twice. It is more than two times more than in 1961. The population of the whole planet has increased by more than two times.
In 2009, the study was held in front of the international audience and the world’s population was observed. The fact is that, over the last 10 years, the world’s population has increased by an average of 1.5 times, and the most rapid process is believed to be anthropogenic. It is even more alarming for the lack of progress, which is especially reflected in the scientific and technological progress of society.
There is no reason to expect that in the future, the pace of accumulation and reduction of population will significantly change. The process of substitution is not likely to be successful. Anyway, it is quite possible that, over the next 10 years, the population will grow more than once. In fact, the number of people will grow even more.
There is a serious problem here, which should be taken into account while considering main points of an essay on population: the population, although largely[ rejects social mobility, is already inclined to growth. And as the studies show, the fertility rate tends to approach the limit of maximum population growth. The population, however, does not always need to increase in order to meet the needs of an increasing number of people.
The causes of population growth are ambiguous. On the one hand, this is the decline in the birth rate, which leads to a reduction in the number of children and young people, on the other – an increase in life expectancy. In 1996, the average life expectancy in the EU was 80 years for women and 74 years for men. Sweden had the highest indicator, Portugal – the lowest.
Here are the most important economic and social consequences of this trend which should be described in an aging population research paper:
It should be mentioned in an aging population opinion essay that this phenomenon influences the structure of material production, changes the range of goods and services in accordance with the needs of older clients. It is also necessary to change some technological operations, adapt machines and equipment to the age-specific characteristics of workers. Means of transport, opportunities, and ease of their use also should correspond to the requirements of older people.
A certain part of the elderly population can and wants to work. However, in a number of countries, there are laws that establish the age when a person must leave the workplace. In most states, such a border is 65 years old. But life does not always fit into the strict prescriptions of legislators. Therefore, in accordance with some pension systems, early retirement is encouraged.
On the one hand, there is a tendency for an earlier retirement, which in some countries leads to a certain decrease in pension payments. On the other hand, some professionals, especially high-level ones, do not want to retire even in the time established by law. In general, the share of employees older than 65 years reduces. This does not apply to farms where people work until old age. But the share of people employed in agriculture is small and continues to decrease.
A huge influx of women (often highly educated) into the labor market leads to the displacement of older men in some countries. The use of fundamentally new production technologies also displaces the older generation. The retraining of the elderly is considered unprofitable by the entrepreneurs: it is more expedient to invest in training of young, promising workers who have many years of labor life ahead of them.
The process of population aging is closely related to the evolution that the family institution undergoes now. As a result of major social, demographic and economic changes, the family is divided into generations and often cannot provide care for elderly relatives. The proportion of elderly people living with their children or relatives steadily declines.
Some experts claim that the family falls apart and there is even a danger of its complete disappearance as a public institution.