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09/13/2020

How to write the results section of a dissertation?

How to write the results section of a dissertation?

This part will be read by at least 40 people, while whole paper is usually reviewed in detail by a maximum of 5 teachers. This means that special scrupulousness is needed here. So, what is a dissertation abstract? It is a brief summary of the project which has the following structure:

  • Introduction: a general description of the work with the justification of the novelty and relevance of the study, description of the author’s personal contribution to the research of the problem, formulation of the subject and object, objectives and goals of the dissertation.
  • Main part reveals the essence of the study: research approaches and methods, main stages of the work, applied methodology, structure and scope of the dissertation, findings. Any conclusions must be confirmed by objective, accurate data. Any theories should be proposed with the indication that these are only assumptions.
  • The style, presentation of information in the abstract should be of scientific nature. All formulations should be succinct, concise, clear and precise. The statement of the problem, the hypothesis, the conclusions – all this should be logical, concretized and objective. In addition, control the volume – information should be compressed: only the essence, nothing extra. The following techniques are often used to achieve brevity: terms repeated many times are replaced by abbreviations; complex sentences, awkward constructions be replaced by simpler formulations.

    Focus on the requirements of the commission. On the official university website, download the dissertation abstract example written in your specialty and accepted by the professors, or ask the supervisor where you can find such a paper. Taking into account the characteristics of a successful sample, compile your own version.

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    Dissertation chapters

    The requirements for the content of the main part are established by the supervisor and the scientific council. As a rule, it consists of several chapters listed below.

  • Literature review
  • A review of the literature begins immediately after the introduction. The author analyzes the sources of information on the selected topic. It is a detailed description of the subject and object of study, the degree of their cognition in the modern world. It is worth pushing off from the concepts of the subject and object and disclosing the topic on their basis. The commission will evaluate the applicant’s knowledge of methods used, the novelty of the study, inconsistency between theories and evidence.

    If the project is devoted to a course of knowledge, the results of the study should be mentioned in the course of the dissertation.

  • Methodology
  • The second chapter of the main part is the comparison of techniques, methods and ideas used to conduct the research. As a rule, it consists of 2-3 chapters. Each of them contains subsections.

    The main difference is the difference in the objective and methodological approaches, which should be expressed in the course of the study. The methodological recommendations are usually described in the form of detailed instructions.

    As a rule, the subjects of the coursework are theoretical, while the practical part is practical. It is recommended to allocate a paragraph for each theoretical aspect of the subject.

    The introduction should describe a theoretical or practical part of the work. You should describe a topic briefly, provide a brief description of the research process, indications of the relevance of the problem and the methods used. The purpose of this part is to show the connection between theory and practical research, the emergence of a new concept, the breakdown of the existing limitation, the introduction of a new approach.

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    The main part should take about 70% of the bookings. It is divided into several chapters (literature review, methodology, results, discussion). Each of them contains subsections. All these elements should have roughly the same size. It looks rather strange when one chapter is 20-page long and other is 2-page long. It is also not recommended to add irrelevant information just to increase the volume.

    This part should be characterized by the following characteristics: the first one is the most important, since it is directly related to the results of the study. The second part is the least important, since it is not designed to influence the perception of the issue. The author should show the connection between theory and practical research, the overlap between theoretical and practical aspects of the problem.

  • The first thing you should start with is choosing the topic. It is advisable to take a break from the topic for at least a few days. This time is necessary to be able to respond to the criticism from the teacher adequately.