What is a college essay?

What is a college essay?
Just wondering.

The college essay is an important part of the application process. When applying to college the people that review your application take into account your GPA, SAT or ACT score, extra curricular activities your college essay. The essay is a prompt that is given by the college on the application. It is an opportunity for the college to see into your life and personality and get a chance to look at you from a different perspective than just your academics and activities. Some of the essay prompts address you as a person and ask about a life changing moment that you have come across while others may ask your opinion on a global situation or why you think the college your applying to is relevant for you. Most colleges only ask for one or two, but some schools highly value the essay and ask for four or five 250 word essays.