What is a concept for defining the concept “family” existing in the literature. It is widely known as the social institution formed by the offspring of a human community. Through the family, generations of people replace each other as they grow up. As a social institution, the family acts as the intermediary and fixing body for the upbringing of children and the management of a common economy was and remains an area of interest for a long time.
Through the family, generations replace each other’s children, the dynasties are preserved. In other words, the institution of the family is a cultural institution in relation to society. Since the very word “family” means “the closest of the people”, it is easy to assume that all within family, whether a husband and wife or one of their relatives has something in common. At the same time, interest in the search for the genetic basis of family traits is due to the high biological level of many families.
The scientific direction in the study of family relationships is constantly being improved. More and more people are joining the social family research teams. The results of their work will be useful to all people, and, of course, such studies will be interesting for some time. But, probably, the most important effect that such researches have on the external environment of family is the following: in the future, when trying to create large families, they will be able to divide the gene pool of some peoples into factors that contribute to the occurrence of homosexuality (somatotropin) and heterosexuality (uregin). However, such results cannot be considered relevant for theory of sexuality research. The next logical step in the development of the gene pool is the replacement of the haploid nucleus of the embryo by a diploid nucleus of the same sex.
The essence of the first human-created hybrid (the ancestor of the Dolly) was to fill it with either collagen or glycoside. Now, insulin is obtained from the pancreas cells of the intestine, and the use of insulin for the treatment of diabetes mellitus makes it possible to take the insulin produced by the whole body and to regulate its breakdown. The discovery of insulin was a real miracle. Research in the field of insulin and its metabolism was the result of more than 10 years of work. The body of the protein is completely filled with seaweeds and small animals, and the organism is able to use this substance for fertilizer and irrigation of agriculture, in particular, agriculture.
Mention in a genetic engineering research paper that, in the 1960s, transgenic plants were used in the production of such important biologically active substances as insulin, somatotropin and danamil. With the help of genetically engineered plants, the potato resistant to herbicides and insects was created. Today, it is difficult to imagine how many effective plants are produced only in part in fields of the fertile climate.
The history of genetic engineering of plants is usually counted from 1982, when genetically transformed plants first appeared in the world. One of the most common methods of transformation is a technology based on processing of tissue with microparticles of gold (or other heavy metals) covered with a solution of DNA. All cultivated commercial varieties of plants are obtained mainly with the help of this method.
The modern arsenal of transformation methods is quite extensive and includes such approaches as the introduction of DNA into bare cells (protoplasts), electroporation of cells, microinjection of DNA into cells, virus-mediated infection, and so on.
It’s worth adding in a “Genetic engineering in agriculture” essay that the researchers went further. Since many plants are susceptible to attacks and eating by insects, GE scientists conducted an experiment with the long-known bacterium Bacillus-Thiringiensis which produces a protein. It turned out that it is very toxic for many kinds of insects, but at the same time, it is safe for mammals. The activated protein binds to receptors of insect’s midgut, which leads to pore formation and lysis of the cells of the intestinal epithelium.
The interaction of toxins with receptors is strictly specific, which complicates the selection of the combination toxin-insect. In nature, a large number of Bacillus-Thiringiensis strains have been found. Their toxins act only on certain types of insects. Such preparations have been used for decades to control insects in the fields.
So, you may emphasize in your argumentative research essay on genetic engineering that embedding the protein gene in the plant genome makes it possible to produce transgenic plants that are not eaten by insects. But this method required a lot of work in terms of selecting the necessary strains and creating genetic structures that give the greatest effect for different classes of insects. In addition to the specific behavior of insects, the incorporation of prokaryotic delta toxin genes into the plant genome did not result in a high level of expression, even under the control of strong eukaryotic promoters.