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09/13/2020

What is a definition for the concept “family”: it is a biological, psychological, social and emotional institution, which is the cell of society where the informational provision of the social behavior of the individual is born and formed. Through the family, generations replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern researchers study it as a sphere in which personal needs of a person are satisfied most naturally.

What is a definition for the concept “family”: it is a biological, psychological, social and emotional institution, which is the cell of society where the informational provision of the social behavior of the individual is born and formed. Through the family, generations replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern researchers study it as a sphere in which personal needs of a person are satisfied most naturally.

As a culture, the family is a social institution, the absolutely by definition, the most important social institution, which is illustrated by the marriage, kinship, kinship rights, and so on. Modern families are all the more important because they are the most important social institutions, because they are built on the unity of the gene, the chromosomes of the most diverse people.

For many centuries, the absolute parental power and authoritarian system of upbringing reigned in the patriarchal family. The slightest violation of these principles led to inevitable sanctions. Children were subjected to corporal punishment if they rudely talked with their parents or refused to fulfill their orders. In general, care for children was not in the customs of the ancient peasants. According to the opinion of ethnographers, there was no concept of responsibility of parents towards kids.

At the same time, along with the irresponsibility of adults, there were excessive demands on kids. Hence the special respect of the peasants to the fifth commandment: “Honour thy father and thy mother”. So, you may note the positive changes between past and present in a “relationship between parents and children” essay.

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There were compulsory collectivism and centralism in the patriarchal family. Common interests did not just dominate. They were an absolute value. Interests of individuals were not taken into account.

This can be clearly seen in the example of marriage. Young people married not for love but at the will of parents, which in this case did not reflect the whims of the elderly but the interests of the family as a whole. Marriage was considered as something like a property transaction. Later, there was a rigid consolidation of roles in the family. The supremacy of the husband took place due to the concentration of economic resources in his hands and the adoption of basic decisions.

Do not think that the elimination of the economic and moral priorities of the family head occurs in the same rhythm everywhere. In the framework of the survey, 43.3% of respondents answered that the most important issues are solved by the husband. His word is decisive in many cases.

There are five main patriarchal priorities which should be indicated in scholarly articles on family values:

  • Family and economy are inseparable concepts. Production depends on the demographic indicators. The social roles of men and women are strictly differentiated in this case.
  • The power of kinship, its dominance in social life.
  • Inseparable dependence on the land. In the past, most families were peasants whose life, as the life of aristocrats, was connected with harvesting. The soil was not only the universal basis of production. The whole life of the society was held on it.
  • Large families – the consequence of the adoption of socio-cultural norms of early marriage and high birth rate due to the high mortality of the population.
  • The priority of the older generations, in other words, the power of intergenerational ties. Age played the role of the main agent of social control. Mature people used their right to dispose of family resources, increased their status and power.
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    The change in economic relations and egalitarian tendencies in society gave rise to two trends radically transforming the patriarchal system of values.

    The first is the liberation of children from their parents. Indeed, in some families (relatively small percentage), radical changes occur in intergenerational relations: the share of formal contacts decreases and, on the contrary, emotionally saturated connections increase, which are accompanied by the autonomy of children from parents.

    Young generation could enjoy independence and get acquainted with a wide range of phenomena. Therefore, modern sociologists associate the effectiveness of socialization with the preservation of a certain moral and psychological distance, intergenerational intimacy at all ages. You may describe this positive trend in a “what makes a family happy” essay.

    The second movement is the liberation of women from men. It consists in the following: in the middle of the twentieth century, the female part of humanity actively explored areas of activity which were unusual for them before: social, political and cultural. They also intensified and transformed the traditional family. Men lose their monopoly in the professional field, first of all, in industries with less skilled labor (for example, textiles) and service sphere (its lower strata, for example, nurses in medicine). Male population accepts a newly formed system of family values and roles quite passively.

    Thus, the peculiarities of the new marriage model are connected with the transformation of patriarchal values.