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09/13/2020

What is a definition of poverty. All countries of the world should meet it. The main families, the time and energy of the poor.

What is a definition of poverty. All countries of the world should meet it. The main families, the time and energy of the poor.

  • Characteristics of general population (sex, age, education, social status, etc.)
  • The main social groups of the population (citizens, social groups, etc.)
  • The status of the youngest generations.
  • The social status of women.
  • The social status of children (children of lower and middle classes)
  • The social status of elderly people (80%),
  • Origin of the concept of poverty
  • Let’s consider in more detail the process of setting the world population goal, which is mentioned in the introduction:

  • World population is a totality of individuals, groups, the size and composition of which is determined by the level of consumption of resources, which are determined by the average income of the population.
  • The demographic process begins with the distribution of people.
  • Economic parameters, including:
  • real income, well-being;
  • relative stability of the population;
  • sustainable economic self-sufficiency;
  • ownership of property, presence of conditions which are absolutely necessary for its effective functioning at the modern level: knowledge and skills in the sphere of organization and management, high qualification, information;
  • activities in the field of science, culture which are recognized as particularly valuable for society and carried out on the basis of possessing unique creative abilities;
  • higher subjectivity in the labor market, in the choice of patterns of social behavior, etc. in comparison with lower groups on the social ladder;
  • the ability to influence the social process and its management more or less significantly: the middle class is one of the most important components of the social partnership system.
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    Persons with a higher value of indicators mentioned in this list belong to groups located above the middle class on the social ladder (the upper stratum, the elite).

    An important feature of the middle class is its quantitative scale. In any case, the share of the middle class in the population should be not less than the total share of those groups whose social status is somewhat below. The functioning of the middle class begins exactly from this quantitative threshold. Otherwise, it would be only one of the layers in the social structure of society.

    Based on the above, you can specify the social groups that belong to the middle class in essay on economic inequality:

  • owners of medium and small capital, part of the owners of small-scale private property (excluding owners of medium capital belonging to the higher strata);
  • employed persons, highly qualified specialists: middle and partially lower managers who carry out technical and functional management at enterprises and organizations of any form of ownership;
  • highly skilled workers with a modern type of qualification;
  • highly qualified specialists of the non-production profile (part of them may have a status below the middle class);
  • persons exercising civil authority (except those who are members of the elite and the upper strata) and part of the officials – the performers who provide the power and have influence over it;
  • figures of science, liberal professions (creative intelligentsia) if their status has the above characteristics;
  • part of the military officers, etc.
  • The middle class is distinguished by high heterogeneity and even ambiguity in many objective and subjective criteria. This prevents the understanding of the common interests of representatives of the middle class.

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    It’s important to mention in income inequality paper that the presence of the middle class provides stability and dynamic economic development. As a basic social group, it performs a number of very important social functions. The function of the social stabilizer is the basic among them: having achieved a certain place in the social structure, the representatives of middle class are inclined to support the existing state order that enabled them to reach their position.

    It should be borne in mind that the middle class plays a leading role in the processes of social mobility and also strengthens the existing social system protecting it from cataclysms: the dissatisfaction of the lower class with its position is balanced by the real possibilities for raising the status in society.

    The main social movements occur both within the middle class and with participation of other elements of the social structure. Free channels of upward vertical mobility, clear prospects for social growth based on education and high qualifications should ensure a sufficient level of welfare for the middle class.

    It also should be noted in essays on social inequality that, in addition to the stabilizing function, the middle class plays an important role in other social processes.