What is a definition of poverty that is understood as a culturally significant lack of wealth that prevents a person from meeting his normal aspirations. This concept is widely used in politics, economics, psychology, sociology, etc.
According to the Seligman definition, this is an attitude of a person towards all lower forms of life, including life of the community. Since the majority of people are poor, they often experience depression of reproductive efficiency, psychological pain and suffer from social isolation. This is a perfect example of direct linkage between economic, social and political problems.
There is a class of productive citizens. The bulk of them are middle class, and the middle class is the most important part of the social structure of the society. The number of participants in the social division of labor is usually equal.
The size of the middle class is closely related to the size of the population (both in terms of number and in income and, especially, in urban areas) but not inversely. In the culture of the Third World countries, the middle class is absent at all. Except for the very rich, high class has a relatively small size. All other social groups have negligible size.
There are two main elements in the system of household expenditures: wages and pensions. The wages are received by a broad stratum of taxpayers considering themselves as the backbone of the family. The composition of the middle class in the national budget is driven by the salaries of the middle class and the incomes of the middle class.
Ownership of the household budget means the social activity of the middle class in the broad sense of values and self-determination.
Follow the trend in the graph of income inequality: the labor receipts dominate in the structure of the incomes of the middle class. Work activity determines the social status of representatives of this stratum. Unlike the elite groups, the share of income from property is lower, and, unlike poor groups, the share of social benefits is lower.
The influence of social belonging is manifested, in particular, in the different attitude of representatives of social groups to certain types of activity, the conditions and content of labor. Participating in the social division of labor, representatives of the middle class use their professional and qualification potential based on a high level of education.
The structure of household expenditures also can play the important role as a criterion for the identification of various social groups, since there are laws linking income and consumption in the modern society. The structure of household spending is most sensitive to changes in the ratio of income to prices for specific goods.
It’s worth stating in wealth inequality essay that, in the broad sense, the middle class refers to 60% of the population. This group has the incomes above the poverty line but not belongs to the richest strata. Since middle class is very heterogeneous in terms of level and structure of income, expenditure and consumption, composition by sex and age, it’s obvious that only a part of this group can be defined as a “classical” middle stratum.
Controversial theoretical approaches to income inequality essay topics
The topic of the disproportionate representation of the middle class in the United States is invariably relevant not only among American historians, but also among public figures, politicians, in the broad circles of the US public. Important ideological motives always were at the heart of their perception of this problem.
The main one is connected with a different interpretation of the category of “equality” which, since the emergence of American civilization, has acted as one of its core values. In the minds of many Americans, it meant and means equality of opportunities. It may be emphasized in the upside of income inequality essay that this interpretation provides a basis for justifying economic imbalance, since, in the presence of equality of opportunities, individuals with different abilities achieve different results.
But the number of Americans who believe that the society is obliged to ensure a certain leveling of the results of citizens’ activities through reforms increased in recent years. They state that there is no exemplary equality of opportunities in real life, and poverty is unacceptable in a developed modern society.
Such a worldview difference seriously influences the approaches and conclusions of American researchers addressing the problem of economic inequality. The discrepancies between theories are also determined by the difference in methodological and methodical approaches, used sources.
In general, all researchers can be divided into optimists and pessimists. The representatives of first group believe that the economic inequality in the US did not acquire a threatening or dramatic character and did not contradict public justice. The second group is convinced that there were sharp economic contrasts at all or many stages of American history, and this inequality deserves a critical evaluation.
In the course of writing an income inequality exploratory essay, you need to develop own point of view, to formulate it in a clear thesis and to provide worthy arguments. The best evidence is examples from life. To use them skillfully, you have to consider the history of the United States in detail.