What is a definition of poverty: the absolute lack of a standard of living conditions, accompanying conditions (social factors), including but not excessive high school education, literacy, social protection. This concept is broader than simply the absence of a minimum set of prerequisites for maintaining an adequate level of material well-being. It includes such factors as the consumption of non-standard meals, excess body mass, religious practices, sports, bad habits, etc. In addition, depending on the relative social status, the demands and desires of the population are manifested.
According to demographers, there are several categories of the population subjected to poverty: the absolute poor, the middle class, the poor among the groups of the free population, and the lower class – the groups of the unoccupied population.
As for the middle class, its status is somewhat higher, since this is an independent social group. The criteria for the middle class membership are lower, however, the aspirations and aspirations of the middle class are much stronger. The, first of all, it is linked with the interests of the individual than with those of the lower classes. The middle class is quite different from the lower class in many respects: social and economic status, social position, citizenship, and family traditions, but not all these things are relevant to political rights, and thus, the rights of the middle class are dependent on the position in the social hierarchy.
There are two main social movements connected with the struggle for the middle class position in society: the industrial and social labour, which emerged in the post-revolutionary decades and carried out in practice in the creation of large corporations, financial institutions, and social mobility. The first is the labour movement, which actually determines the social status of representatives of the middle class. The second movement is the social mobility, which, however, do not apply to issues of social inequality.
The main social movements occur both within the middle class and with participation of other elements of the social structure. Free channels of upward vertical mobility, clear prospects for social growth based on education and high qualifications should ensure a sufficient level of welfare for the middle class. But the real dynamics of social mobility is less clear.
It may be stated in the essay on social inequality and happiness that, in the broad sense, the middle class refers to 60% of the population. This group has the domination not only in the traditional power structure of the family but also in the spheres of statehood, in the sphere of civil society and, especially, in the sphere of the economy.
According to Marx, in the countries of the democratic system, the interests of the middle class are always balanced with the interests of other elements of the social structure. In other words, the middle class is a stabilizing point that balances the interests of the individual and the interests of the collective.
The concepts of the middle class, its politics, and economic relations (the three main concepts of the US ideura) are sufficiently diverse. In the context of the novel, they determine the social, domestic and foreign policies of the ruling elite.
It should be emphasized in essays on income inequality that, in the marketplace, the middle class performs a variety of roles: financial, operational, social and economic. Its role in the social state is to ensure the quality of the population’s material well-being and provide a range of state services. In the cultural sphere, the middle class is the custodian and distributor of values, norms, traditions, laws of society. Also, it is the source of cadres of officials and managers of different ranks – both for the state apparatus and for business. Self-regulation of society is based on the activity of representatives of the middle class too. This role is called the function of the regulative force in the social sphere.
In accordance with the norms of the American Dream, the middle class is a “successful experiment”. It has grown, developed a highly profitable and democratic role. No wonder at various stages of the development of American civilization (in particular, the development of the United States of America) people turned to this category of income inequality essay topics.
The identical sense, in which all social groups are referred, is the American Dream. This is the basic concept, the basis of the whole American Dream. The specific features of the American Dream are embodied in the system of social values, and this is directly opposite to the European stereotypes, which should be explicitly stated in “Does the American Dream still exist today?” essay.
Contrasts of the American Dream
The main contrast is the history of the United States in the world of economic and ideological freedom. The American Dream, which is called the American Dream, is a mythological ideal, the result of a whole period of American history which should be considered in the essay on the American Dream.
In the European scheme of civil society, the privileges, freedoms, and rights of individual were established. These were affirmed and formalized in the Constitution of the most free states.