What is a definition of this term “family” existing in the literature. Definitions of “family” are exceedingly diverse. In the law, the term “family” is defined as the collective wife, a wife and a husband who are living together and have children, as well as numerous other examples. The number of people who have been called wives is growing.
The significance of family values for society and the state of society is universally recognized. Importance of marriage is among the highest priorities of the marriages. Already in the past century, the idea of a family as a social institution was very high. At present, this concept is so high that almost all indicators of the development of family values are used in the estimation of the marriage.
Marriage has ceased to be lifelong and legitimate: divorces, single-parent families have become the norm instead of exceptions. In the period of early adulthood (from 20 years), the motivation for marriage is very high. Nevertheless, 36% of divorces happen during first 5 years of living together. Unions concluded by spouses under the age of 20 years are terminated in 99.9% of cases.
At every new stage in the development of society, when there is a reassessment of values, there is an increasing interest in the problems of family, morality, and spirituality. At the same time, in the complex conditions of modern life, the family, a unique intermediary between the interests of the individual and human community, found itself in the epicenter of social cataclysms. There is no wonder that a “what causes a family to have close relationships” essay is a fairly popular type of research work.
The transition to market relations and associated with the processes of its development have led to the phenomena of divorces, separate families having smaller number of children, and families consisting of couples with children. As a result, the family has become a market instrument for obtaining the results of the market. The empirical research shows that the family is a “special case”. It is precisely because of its nature that it is both a social institution and a unique intermediary between willing partners: parents, spouses, children, relatives, friends, and so on. In addition, family relationships are a way to establish the career of the individual and the creation of a distinctive, strong family. The issue of relationship between a man and a woman (whether it is just marriage or familial relations) is traditionally regarded as the most important emotional attachment. Our grandparents and great mothers told us stories about how their loved ones, made their lives better in the shortest possible time and how their children should be treated in the same way as they are perceived by the entire society.
Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the world is changed. The trends of their growth and development are transmitted to the surrounding world via the family. The best hypothesis is the evolution of the family as a culturally and economically “normal” in the sense of the new forms of interpersonal relations, which we describe in the essay on why family relationships are changing in the world. Currently, the family does not belong to the social division of society. Instead, its functions are indicated: social, domestic and international regulation of relations between spouses and children, the provision of assistance to spouses and the management of kids.
The second change touches upon the functions of the family, which are manifested, in particular, in the evolution of the institution of marriage, the transition of wives and children to social risk, the reduction of domestic work, and the establishment of pay for living, the desire for the adoption of children, etc. The second change in the family is the transformation of the attitude of husbands and wives to each other, their willingness for the children, their desire for the adoption of children, and the problem of children’ education.
The third change touches upon the functions of marriage, the transformation of the value system, the impact of social changes on the family. The third change is the transition from a centralized extended family consisting of three generations, with the dominance of the husband to a decentralized extended family consisting of 20-30 families. The above-mentioned facts are general for branches of urban families. These families are much richer in terms of market economy, better treatment of children, and lower taxes. But the they are also much poorer in social terms. In the essay on income inequality in the family, it would be appropriate to mention that one of the indicators of the deviation of the economic and social structures of the family is its ability to accumulate wealth. The traditional family has a lower limit for wealth accumulation. To force the spouses to give up their incomes, the excuse of the need for earning money is being imposed. In the system of material scarcity, the family is forced to work harder than ever to accumulate wealth.