What is a definition of this term “family” existing in the literature: it is a set of people living in a house with children, as a rule, without a husband and a wife, a widower, a divorced person, a woman and children – the usual and ordinary stuff. The word “family” is most often understood as the literal reproduction of a human community, the gene pool of those born by each of the spouses having children, a psychological union of parents and children, a unique opportunity to have own offsprings, as well as a common ancestry, shared by all members of the community. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern researchers study it with interest.
The concept “family” is widely known in the psychological science and in psychoanalytic circles in the psychoanalysis of the family as a “social institution” (Benjamin, 1971. Introduction to the Concept of Family. Part 2: Overview of the Family.
In the spirit of the old definition, the notion of “family” is an ethnological concept, formed according to the analysis of the relationship between human groups, the creation of a hierarchical system of values and concepts about the nature of interpersonal relations between people. Through the family, generations replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. The values with which people agree are directly affected by the tasks which they perform. Thus, the concept of “family values” is inspired by the vocabulary and the culture of mankind.
The word “family” is not only understood as a social institution but also as a unique individual phenomenon, a product of the formation of the collective spirit of a society. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the world is filled with something and cry out, “We will make it better.”
Explain in a standardized testing essay that the family is a cultural institution, the most important form of personal life organization based on a conjugal union and kinship ties, a unique opportunity to have own offsprings. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern researchers study it as a “social institution” in the most diverse areas of theory and practice, using analogs in order to reach their goal.
The second half of the twentieth century was marked by the rapid growth of alternative models of income. The elite of the middle class switched to the market and transformed the traditional family. The key to success in the modern world, according to social studies, is social mobility. The problem of mobility is particularly acute now. In the period of early adulthood (from 20 years), the motivation for the mobility of the middle class is very high. However, in the transitional decades, the motivation for this movement is less strong. Only the highest level of the personal and professional mobility is preserved.
Moreover, in the growing middle class, there is a transition from a traditional model to a new one, a transformation of the ideal family. The typical household has become a joint family. The existence of children is attached to the marriage. The reproduction of the population is reduced (as a rule, the number of children is reduced).
Significant progress in the transition from traditional models to new ones in the spheres of legal regulation, education, marriage, parenting and social protection are observed. In the sphere of marriage, the modern state recognizes the legitimate interests of the child, the need for conjugal and parental leadership, the interest in the welfare of the child, in order to ensure a decent education for children.
In the work of the family, social roles are being played by fewer women than in the sphere of professions, public organizations, professional professions, many of whom are female.
The influence of patriarchy on the family (especially its male part) is generally recognized as the suppression of the female part of the family. Often the man adheres to the patriarchal system of values, whereas the woman rejects it in the process of personal formation.
The causes of this phenomenon lie in the process of the family evolution, which should be considered in the essay on importance of family relationships.
Transformation of family values in the process of the formation of the individual identity is observed. The attitude towards the child is almost the same as the attitude towards the wife. On the one hand, the woman is inclined to impose the child’s requirements on the overall control over the activities of the family, on the other – to believe that the child’s interests are greater than the interests of the husband.
The results of the study of family relationships are presented in the following conclusions: in the modern form of families, the man and woman are not identical at all. There is a difference in the hierarchy of family values. The importance of traditional family (the mother and the child or their parents) is generally lowered, which in some cases leads to the significant transformation of the attitude of the woman towards the role of the husband, the phenomenon of ‘family crisis’.