What is a doctoral dissertation. It is a lengthy, strictly structured paper devoted to some issue, an example of research, a new look on results obtained. An author should analyze a topic, present their own vision in a free form. It is a kind of alternative to a regular research paper. It should be noted that, in addition to solving particular tasks, an author should study a subject matter, put skills acquired at lessons into practice and, sometimes, even make a certain discovery, generate an innovative idea. Such work requires a lot of time and effort, so patience and perseverance will be very useful.
The dissertation is related to the official study of a certain branch of science. Of course, it is also a scientific-qualification paper, but it is not identical with a research paper.
The outline is not a mandatory part of a dissertation. However, it is indispensable in order to present information in a clear and easy to understand form. It is compiled taking into account the complexity of the study, emerging points of the research process, available methods and approaches to solve the problems posed, the degree of elaboration.
According to the generally accepted rules, a dissertation should have the following structure:
Introduction: a general description of the work with the justification of the novelty and relevance of the study, description of the author’s personal contribution to the research of the problem, formulation of the subject and object, objectives and goals of the dissertation.
The style, presentation of information in the abstract should be of scientific nature. All formulations should be succinct, concise, clear and precise. The statement of the problem, the hypothesis, the conclusions – all this should be logical, concretized and objective. In addition, control the volume – information should be compressed: only the essence, nothing extra. The following techniques are often used to achieve brevity: terms repeated many times are replaced by abbreviations; complex sentences, awkward constructions be replaced by simpler formulations.
Focus on the requirements of the commission. On the official university website, download the dissertation abstract example written in your specialty and accepted by the professors, or ask the supervisor where you can find such a paper. Taking into account the characteristics of a successful sample, compile your own version.
The requirements for the content of the main part of the main part are established by the supervisor and the scientific council. As a rule, it consists of several chapters listed below.
A review of the literature begins immediately after the introduction. The author analyzes the sources of information on the selected topic. It is a detailed description of the subject and object of study, the degree of their cognition in the modern world. It is worth pushing off from the concepts of the subject and object and disclosing the topic on their basis. The commission will evaluate the applicant’s knowledge of these concepts.
If the project addresses several aspects of the problem, the dissertation chapter 1 can be divided into subsections devoted to different sides of the issue. In this case, each item must be numbered.
Very often, it is difficult to compile he first chapter until the other parts are completed. Therefore, as you write, the conclusions of the first chapter can be supplemented and expanded.
A methodology chapter in dissertation is relatively small in volume but plays a significant role in the course of the study. In it, the applicant provides a description of empirical and theoretical research techniques that have been applied, lists the equipment or computer programs used, indicates the experimental studies conducted. This part can be divided into thematic points, separately describing each specific method or arranged by the general level of elaboration.
This block reflects the process of research. It can be called the most complex and important element of the whole course, its heart, the core. Therefore, if you know how to write a dissertation discussion, consider that 50% of success is guaranteed.
The structure of the text depends on the topic and the nature of the results obtained. But most often, the author should: