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09/13/2020

What is a term “family”, see, where and how did one create the family. We know that the first family in the Ancient World had a simple structure

What is a term “family”, see, where and how did one create the family. We know that the first family in the Ancient World had a simple structure

The basic social roles were being played by the adult sons and daughters. The next stage in the development of society was the marriage – the marriage of young families to the marriage institution. Early marriage was preceded by the birth of children (conception of a young family as a legitimate, autonomous group) and the marriage of young spouses to the marriage institution.

Classification of the concept ‘family’ existing in the modern vocabulary is very different from the Diagram under development. The inbornness of the husband and wife is called the primary definition, the genetic predetermination of the spouse, kinship prerequisites for the career of the spouses, the key to success in the social and economic sphere, and the role of the individual as the social agent.

Since the middle of the 20th century, the family has ceased to be a cultural institution, but it nevertheless exists as one of the most important institutions, because it is the most important social institution with an objective relationship between the child and the parents. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern researchers study it as a sphere in which personal needs of a person are satisfied most naturally.

The main form of the family is marriage – the union of a man and a woman concluded in the established manner and aimed at creating of a strong relationship between the spouses. This type of relationship is called stable. Family is its counterpart in the system of rewards and rewards, and is inherent to both sexes and families.

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In the context of the study of family values, it is important to note that the modern family (a) is in a position similar to the traditional family (b) in the basic social context. The difference is that in the latter case, the relational ties are strictly fixed, and the preservation of the identity of the family is one of the most important social values.

According to sociologists, there are several different types of relations functioning in parallel in society: patriarchal or traditional; focused on children or modern; marital or postmodern. Today’s family is a “marriage of good friends” united for the joint organization of life and raising of children.

For many centuries, the absolute parental power and authoritarian system of upbringing reigned in the patriarchal family. The slightest violation of these principles led to inevitable sanctions. Children were subjected to corporal punishment if they rudely talked with their parents or refused to fulfill their orders. In general, care for children was not in the customs of the ancient peasants. According to the opinion of ethnographers, there was no concept of responsibility of parents towards kids.

At the same time, along with the irresponsibility of adults, there were excessive demands on kids. Hence the special respect of the peasants to the fifth commandment: “Honour thy father and thy mother”. So, you may note the positive changes between past and present in a “relationship between parents and children” essay.

There were compulsory collectivism and centralism in the patriarchal family. Common interests did not just dominate. They were an absolute value. Interests of individuals were not taken into account.

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This can be clearly seen in the example of marriage. Young people married not for love but at the will of parents, which in this case did not reflect the whims of the elderly but the interests of the family as a whole. Marriage was considered as something like a property transaction. Later, there was a rigid consolidation of roles in the family. The supremacy of the husband took place due to the concentration of economic resources in his hands and the adoption of basic decisions.

Do not think that the elimination of the economic and moral priorities of the family head occurs in the same rhythm everywhere. In the framework of the survey, 43.3% of respondents answered that the most important issues are solved by the husband. His word is decisive in many cases.

There are five main patriarchal priorities which should be indicated in scholarly articles on family values:

  • Family and economy are inseparable concepts. Production depends on the demographic indicators. The social roles of men and women are strictly differentiated in this case.
  • The power of kinship, its dominance in social life.
  • Inseparable dependence on the land. In the past, most families were peasants whose life, as the life of aristocrats, was connected with harvesting. The soil was not only the universal basis of production. The whole life of the society was held on it.
  • Large families – the consequence of the adoption of socio-cultural norms of early marriage and high birth rate due to the high mortality of the population.