What is also worth mentioning in a minimum wage essay that one of the recent laws that is intended to protect workers from discrimination was recently challenged and temporarily suspended in the state of Massachusetts. This is a good example of how a society, whose law applies in practice, unconsciously controls the potential of the workers as it is happening. The question of the limits to the authority of the authorities is considered as the most important aspect of the development of the economic and social rights, since the emergence of free competition reduces the importance of the overall economic and administrative functions, thereby weakening the function of the state monopoly on certain parts of the population.
So, in the world, there are much more countries with which the minimum wage is not allowed. As for the current law systems, they can be considered as the most effective in the world, regardless of the level of the income, wages, and benefits for the workers.
Writing the minimum wage essay in America, it is important to note that the issue of the minimum wage is not considered a legal action only in the US, but also in many other countries of the world. The world is divided into the rich and the poor. The workers have always been fighting for the adequate remuneration for the workers of these classes. The struggle for the living standards of the majority of the population takes place in the conditions of social mobility and equal distribution of opportunities. These are the reasons of the unique, uncompromising struggle for the rights of workers which existed in the US at the beginning of the twentieth century.
The economy of these countries, in turn, is based on the activity of additional “absorbers” in the form of entrepreneurs issuing additional value formulations and selling them, controlling the market, creating new clients. As a rule, this process is repeated every few years. The struggle for the living standards of the majority of the population takes place in the process of adaptation of the economic structure on the basis of the Struggle for Income Equality (Tiebalt and G. Bryson, 2007. P. 1095).
In the United States, the spirit of the challenge is the evolution of the social and economic activity of the country in the process of reducing the material gap between the poor and the rich. It is reflected in the social polarization of the society, the antagonistic position of the two classes in the social hierarchy (far left and right, respectively) and the increase in the number of entrepreneurs (from the lower strata to the upper stratum, in economically developed countries, but from the lower strata to the elite of society, and, in Europe, the balance between the classes often falls.
But if, in the process of economic preparation, the social stratification of the population is maintained. The lower class is formed and continues to be the strength of the national economy, although the process of social mobility is frequently disrupted by the struggle for the dissolution of the middle class, which, in Europe, is usually made by the elites.
The forces of social stratification are usually stronger than the forces of social mobility, and, consequently, the elite of society is one of the most powerful social institutions, although its influence is always limited and, moreover, has an intermittent nature. In Europe, the political elite possessing a monopoly on the resources of the common strata had the right to determine what qualities should be promoted in the public consciousness. On the basis of these qualities, the publicists and activists of the first social strata turned into the entrepreneurs and farmers. This was a very important reason for the emergence of the working class in the United States.
The second change in the content of the workforce (in the 1960s) was greater in the number of female workers than in Europe. In the European countries of the 1970s, the number of women employed in agriculture was 10 times higher than the number agricultural workers. The industries with the least number of female workers (such as agriculture, building, etc.) were positioned below the middle class on the social ladder. In Europe, the level of women employed in agriculture was significantly higher than in America. Here are some examples of the important indicators of progress which clearly shows the transformation of society: in the 1970s, the work of women in agriculture is significantly stronger than in Europe. Women earn almost $11.50 per day more than men. In Europe, the average wage was $12.50. But it was lower. Women received just less than men.
The results of the European test are directly opposite: in the same decade, the wages of women have grown significantly. In 1979, the earnings of the poorest group of women were almost $10.60 per day. The earnings of women employed in agriculture are very different from the earnings of male employees.
The trends of economic inequality are pronounced: in the 1980s, the wages of EU countries grew more than 1.5 times. The earnings of women have grown only 1.5 times.
Since 1979, the average level of female and male salaries has grown from 56.2 to 73.