What is an extended data set for US income inequality: this is population (population plus those, who died), the elements of the population (sex, age, social status, education, culture, religious beliefs, etc.) which are provided by the state. As of the population, they are extremely heterogeneous in different parts of the country. This, in turn, means that the society is very heterogeneous in different parts of the same state.
For example, the wages of public employees (otherwisely, the wages of public skilled workers) are lower in certain industries and regions. On the contrary, the wages of farm workers are higher in agriculture-producing industries and higher in the creation of civilization. So, the level of the average wage in the agriculture is higher in comparison with the salaries of agricultural workers.
The influence of the variability of the wage is usually considered in academic literature as the tyranny of money. Let us explain in a short essay on income inequality that the correlation between the average earnings of the middle class and the wages of workers varies inversely. In the 1960s, the wages of the middle class were less than in the preceding decades. But the trend has continued, despite the constant tendency of the opposite trend. In the 70s, the wages of the middle class were almost equal with the salaries of the lowest class. In the 80s, the wages of the highest class approached the €500 million. The gap between the wages of the middle class and the salaries of farmers was reduced. But now, the average income of citizens is less than the income of agricultural workers.
Because of the stabilizing function, the middle class acts as a stabilizer of social processes, contributes to the conditions of stability and dynamic economic development. This function is also included in the concept of the American Dream, which, in the minds of many Americans, meant and means equality of opportunities.
But both classes have some drawbacks. The dominance of one group over another in the social hierarchy can sometimes lead to the dominance of the other over the other, and, as a result, to the strengthening of inequality. The role of the middle class in the social hierarchy is much more modest and unobtrusive.
Controversial theoretical approaches to income inequality essay topics
The topic of the inequality in the United States is invariably relevant not only among American historians, but also among public figures, politicians, in the broad circles of the US public. Important ideological motives always were at the heart of their perception of this problem.
The main one is connected with a different interpretation of the category of “equality” which, since the emergence of American civilization, has acted as one of its core values. In the minds of many Americans, it meant and means equality of opportunities. It may be emphasized in the upside of income inequality essay that this interpretation provides a basis for justifying economic imbalance, since, in the presence of equality of opportunities, individuals with different abilities achieve different results.
But the number of Americans who believe that the society is obliged to ensure a certain leveling of the results of citizens’ activities through reforms increased in recent years. They state that there is no exemplary equality of opportunities in real life, and poverty is unacceptable in a developed modern society.
Such a worldview difference seriously influences the approaches and conclusions of American researchers addressing the problem of economic inequality. The discrepancies between theories are also determined by the difference in methodological and methodical approaches, used sources.
In general, all researchers can be divided into optimists and pessimists. The representatives of first group believe that the economic inequality in the US did not acquire a threatening or dramatic character and did not contradict public justice. The second group is convinced that there were sharp economic contrasts at all or many stages of American history, and this inequality deserves a critical evaluation.
In the course of writing an income inequality exploratory essay, you need to develop own point of view, to formulate it in a clear thesis and to provide worthy arguments. The best evidence is examples from life. To use them skillfully, you have to consider the history of the United States in detail.
Tendencies of colonial period for income inequality research paper
Referring to historical examples in effects of income inequality in America essay, it’s worth recalling that the colonial period (1607-1775) was the first stage on which economic imbalance was clearly visible. Its specificity was largely determined by the specifics of the social and ethnic composition of the North American population: