What is an idea for a kind of national standard on the minimum wage. It should be understood as a set of rules and regulations by the society in the first place. As a rule, in the western countries, the norms are based on the legislative norms and rules that prohibit acts of violence, coercion, intimidation, forced consent and other verbal or physical acts of a sexual nature.
States participating in the Convention take measures to comply with these norms, including the prohibition of discrimination based on gender, age, religion, race, nationality, political views or social status. However, the ban on the sale of alcohol at age of 14 is in place in some states.
On the territory of the certain state, there is a ban on the sale of alcohol at age of 15. Few people over the age of 15 years are allowed to buy alcohol at age of 15, and no one is allowed to drink alcohol at age of 16.
Education for the elderly.
The right to joint parenthood and the upbringing of foster children.
These are some of the most important provisions of laws regulating the basic observance of human rights which are reflected in the constitutions of individual states and, especially, the system of family regulation.
Though the idea of human rights is quite different from the thoughts which Shakespeare conveyed, both of them have one essential feature – the difference between human rights and the idea of social responsibility.
A number of rights related to the equality of people are universal: the right to life, liberty, security, adequate food, fair trial, freedom of movement, citizenship, family, property, freedom of thought, conscience, religion, convictions, work, rest and education.
Stress in “Human rights and duties” essay that any discrimination in relation to the listed rights is inadmissible. But there are special circumstances in life when a positive differentiation between people is possible. For example, special benefits and protection for pregnant and lactating women are not considered as discrimination (Maternity Protection Convention, 1952). The same applies to refugees (Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, 1951), children and adolescents (Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989), victims of torture (Convention Against Torture, 1984), mentally retarded persons (UN Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons, 1975), migrant workers (European Social Charter, 1961, UN Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 1990), racial and ethnic groups (International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1966).
Any benefits and restrictions may be established by the state only in the legislative order
Each good “Justice and human rights” thematic essay example contains the description of the following benefits which were received by people in the course of the class struggle: the right to take part in the management of the state through parliamentary representation, the right to paid vacation, to fair remuneration for work, to participate in the management of enterprises, to act in the sphere of private property, and, especially, the right to street marches, rallies, demonstrations and strikes. Exactly the latter group of rights allows workers to correct the social, domestic and foreign policies of the ruling elite.
Workers can be passive during parliamentary campaigns and referendums. But they are always active in political struggle. Through rallies, demonstrations, they can satisfy own social demands, directly influence the activities of government. The possibility of such legal pressure allows to preserve the social peace in developed countries.
The limitations of rights and freedoms depend on the specific conditions of existence of a particular nation and are established by each state independently. However, it should be mentioned in Universal Declaration of Human Rights essay that this document sets a number of conditions: restrictions are established solely by law, and the law can be adopted with a view to ensure due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of citizens, meeting the requirements of morality, public order and general welfare in a democratic state.
The multitude of interpretations of the concept of human rights and its unscrupulous use by some members of society stipulate the need for external control. In 1950, Western European states signed the European Convention on Human Rights.