What is because, the social and economic status of many members of the family (both spouses and children) is determined by achievements of earlier generations, individually and collectively. It is established by natural selection. Enrollment in the family is a mechanism for maintaining status. In social roles, functions, and social attitudes, it is based on the prestige of the family as a social institution.
Rank in the family is determined by achievements of ancestors, self-sacrifice, spiritual purity and devotion to the unborn. The values of the most ancient families were universal and fundamental, which made everyone act and feel a certain way of life. Such values were found among the most diverse cultures and social classes. So, they were adequate to all segments of the population, since, among all social groups, the concept of the family was quite popular.
Social groups were free from economic differentiation, rivalry, vanity, ambition, and rivalry. In this regard, the change of the family was stimulated by the practice of identifying the social status of various groups, including the kinship, the class, the racial and ethnic groups. The process of social mobility was triggered, so to speak, by the process of adaptation of the collective image of itself and the accompanying of the group from the outside. Adaptation is the process of the highest level of intra-group differentiation. Hence, the kinship is a social institution in which the relations between the members of the same group are carried out in the most difficult and favorable conditions.
Here is one of the most important research paper topics about family relationships: “What is the family as a social institution?”
The family is a socially organized entity which is represented physically in reality on the earth of other people. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern research shows that the family belongs to special, fundamental groups of society.
Since the main value of the family is the children, their need for raising, strengthening the organization by the marriage. Therefore, the problem of family, one of the main social structures, is acute.
The social organization of the family is represented by a set of norms and rules, mutual service with respect to the interests of the family as a whole, the realization of the prime purpose and objectives of the marriage constitute a hierarchical system of family values.
The value of the marriage is primarily held by the special social institutions – marriage, parental responsibility, child labour, domestic duties, moral values, etc. In the system of values, the family acts as the social institution of society.
Marriage is the personal union of a man and a woman concluded in the established manner and aimed at creating of a strong relationship, the adoption of mutual rights and obligations.
There are many types of family: patriarchal model and modern family (which is called transformed by some researchers). Extremely dramatic changes in the value system have occurred exactly within the framework of the transformation of the patriarchal family into the modern one.
According to sociologists, there are several different types of relations functioning in parallel in society: patriarchal or traditional; focused on children or modern; marital or postmodern. Today’s family is a “marriage of good friends” united for the joint organization of life and raising of children.
For many centuries, the absolute parental power and authoritarian system of upbringing reigned in the patriarchal family. The slightest violation of these principles led to inevitable sanctions. Children were subjected to corporal punishment if they rudely talked with their parents or refused to fulfill their orders. In general, care for children was not in the customs of the ancient peasants. According to the opinion of ethnographers, there was no concept of responsibility of parents towards kids.
At the same time, along with the irresponsibility of adults, there were excessive demands on kids. Hence the special respect of the peasants to the fifth commandment: “Honour thy father and thy mother”. So, you may note the positive changes between past and present in a “relationship between parents and children” essay.
There were compulsory collectivism and centralism in the patriarchal family. Common interests did not just dominate. They were an absolute value. Interests of individuals were not taken into account.
This can be clearly seen in the example of marriage. Young people married not for love but at the will of parents, which in this case did not reflect the whims of the elderly but the interests of the family as a whole. Marriage was considered as something like a property transaction. Later, there was a rigid consolidation of roles in the family. The supremacy of the husband took place due to the concentration of economic resources in his hands and the adoption of basic decisions.
Do not think that the elimination of the economic and moral priorities of the family head occurs in the same rhythm everywhere. In the framework of the survey, 43.3% of respondents answered that the most important issues are solved by the husband. His word is decisive in many cases.