What is important to mention in a journalism essay on population explosion that, according to the respondents, an increase in population corresponds to a decrease in the number of people employed in agriculture: from 6 to 12 million. Also, the middle class declined.
Agriculture has become a way of making a living comfortable and succeeding in the world. The increase in production allows to meet the daily needs of a citizen not for the production of paper but for the establishment of agriculture-related institutions, their integration into the national economy, the improvement of the quality of agricultural production, which results in more complete economic growth either of the lower or middle classes. In the process of communication with other members of the work collective, new feelings emerge. Taking part in the production, the individual contributes to the overall socio-economic progress of the country.
But the share of the labor force employed in agriculture is very different from the share of population that is associated with manufacturing. The categories of people employed in agriculture are very different from the categories of people employed in industry. Secondly, the social and economic indicators of the population are sufficiently different. The scale of the population’s education is higher, more than 60% of the population have finished their higher education, and by the age of 30, almost all graduates work at a professional level.
In addition, in a number of countries, the employment of people is highly politicized. In particular, in the USA, there are laws that establish the working conditions and the duration of the working life, but the conditions and terms of their employment are often completely above the norms of the statutory norm. So, it may be stated in the essay on social inequality that, in comparison with the situation in the industry, the work of the urban elite is much more free.
In the period of economic growth, the middle class is able to experience a kind of a shock. As a group, it acquires a role of a national institution needing reconstruction, regeneration, and renewal. Moreover, the number of citizens employed in agriculture is increasing. As of 1971, the number of farmers was 1.5 times higher than the number agricultural workers.
In the history of the United States, there are enough examples proving that the imbalance between the classes is reproduced in the work of the middle class. The technique of natural economic recovery (maximalist approach) is used by the average American. The middle class, as a rule, takes a leading role in the development of economic society.
Based on the results of the elite and the findings of the middle class, the following conclusions were drawn in the course of the study: the labor receipts dominate in the structure of the incomes of the middle class. Work activity determines the social status of representatives of this stratum. Unlike the elite, the middle class invests funds in real estate and liquid assets.
In the cultural sphere, the middle class is the custodian and distributor of values, norms, traditions, laws of society. Also, it is the source of cadres of officials and managers of different ranks – both for the state apparatus and for business. Self-regulation of civil society is based on the activity of representatives of the middle class too. This role is called the function of the administrative-executive regulator.
In order to identify the middle class, along with the size of incomes, their structure should be taken into account. The prevalence of some source of income in the household budget means a certain social status or place in the social hierarchy.
The following pattern can be traced in an income inequality research: the labor receipts dominate in the structure of the incomes of the middle class. Work activity determines the social status of representatives of this stratum. Unlike the elite, the share of income from property is lower, and, unlike poor groups, the share of social benefits is lower.
The influence of social belonging is manifested, in particular, in the different attitude of representatives of the middle class to certain types of activity, the conditions and content of labor. Participating in the social division of labor, representatives of the middle class use their professional and qualification potential based on a high level of education.
The structure of household expenditures also can play the important role as a criterion for the identification of various social groups, since there are laws linking income and consumption in the modern society. The structure of household spending is most sensitive to changes in the ratio of income to prices for specific goods.
It’s worth stating in wealth inequality essay that, in the broad sense, the middle class refers to 60% of the population. This group has the incomes above the poverty line but not belongs to the richest strata. Since middle class is very heterogeneous in terms of level and structure of income, expenditure and consumption, composition by sex and age, it’s obvious that only a part of this group can be defined as a “classical” middle stratum.