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Writing About Animal Testing
For a long time, many famous people struggled against cruel treatment of animals. Writers and philosophers (Goethe, Tolstoy, Voltaire, Mark Twain and others) opposed brutal scientific experiments. However, some scientists claim that they are conducted for the sake of good purposes.
What do you think about it? You have the opportunity to express own point of view in the animal testing argumentative essay. It is not by chance that the attention of young people is attracted to this problem. After all, the further development of science and society depends on them.
The question of the admissibility of animal testing is a complex moral problem in the field of the relationship between human and animals. Humanity tries but still can’t solve it. Representatives of modern medicine argue that experimenting with animals is an indispensable source of useful knowledge, and without it, mankind wouldn’t be able to fight diseases.
However, experiments on animals, which were started about 300 years ago, occupy a very small segment of the history of medicine. Science has achieved significant successes in different epochs without using experimental data.
The word “vivisection” (operations with living animals for research purposes) comes from Latin “vivus” – alive, “sectio” – cutting and means “cutting a living thing”. You may stress in research paper against animal testing that, to date, this area of medical science represents one of the darkest spots on the conscience of mankind, because brutal experiments continue to be carried out in industrial scales.
The history of experimental medicine for animal testing essay
You can use the historical overview as one of the interesting topic ideas for animal testing essay. There are three stages of development of experimental medicine.
The first stage begins with the time of the anatomy of Andreas Vesalius in the 1780s and takes two centuries: XVII and XVIII. This is the period of experiments on animals without anesthesia. Anesthetics were discovered only at the beginning of the XIX century. Such experiments were called vivus” – “vivus” being alive. They first were applied in Italy. The first recorded experiment involving anesthesia was conducted in 1964. Only in the late XIX century, during the period of experiments on animals, the first “test” of medicine has been created. In 1996, the first “test” of medicine has been created in the laboratory of the National Institute of Health. The it is based on a technology based on the principles of how it is done.
The second stage which should be included in animal testing research paper outline falls on the XIX century, when public opinion began to condemn the experiments with animals from the standpoint of ethics. In the XIX century, the social movement began to protect animals, and the first organizations aimed at stopping the cruel tests were created. In 1897, in Great Britain, the first law in the world on the protection of experimental animals was adopted. It regulated the work with them, prescribed the use of pain medications.
However, cruel experiments continued in the XIX century. Charles Darwin wrote that the thought of them did not allow him to sleep at night, caused nausea. The experiments of Claude Bernard (who is famous for ingenuity with which he tortured animals) can serve as an example of such brutal procedures.
He studied the effect of high temperatures on animals: placed dogs, rabbits and pigeons in special furnaces and watched as they were dying. Animals perished at temperatures of 90-100 degrees Celsius. Bernard wrote that they always had the same characteristic symptoms. Initially, the animal was slightly excited. Soon, breathing and circulation of blood accelerated. The animal opened its mouth and began to breathe impetuously. Soon it began to breathe impetuously. Soon it was impossible to describe its suffering. At the end, it fell in convulsions and died, usually with loud screams. This picture should be enough to make “Why animal testing is bad?” essay persuasive.
The third stage in the development of the medical and biological experiments falls on the 20th century. It is characteristic for the modern era that the criticism of animal testing became more rigid. Cruelty was reproached without a shadow of doubt. That is, the author of the third stage in the development of the medical and biological experiments in the United States is Charles Darwin.
In the article “Origin of sexual harassment”, Darwin listed the main legal actions of the first Christian, French, English, and Spanish philosophers: negligence, abuse, coercion to sexual service, registration of marriages against consent, etc.