What is one of the most important findings from the research conducted in support of population management: in 1986, the world’s population was 10 times higher in comparison with the population of the United States. And it is expected that in the future, the population of the entire planet increases by 1.5 times.
Mention in a population explosion essay that, in the mid-1960s, the idea of a global population was presented by the American sociologist James W. Rachels and was supported by the scientific data. In 1965, the book “A Sociative Essay on Population” issued by the American scientist Richard Wade, aimed at providing an academic framework for the study of population, showed that in 1986, the world’s population was 1.7 billion. At the same time, the population of the United States was 1.385 billion. Looking forward, the researchers made the following conclusions: in 1986, the world’s population was 1.516 billion, and the population of the world was 1.82 billion. Since 1986, the world’s population has been growing each year, and the rate of growth has slowed down, but the pace of growth has always been growing. In the relative growth in the population of the world over the past 40 years, it has slowed down, but the process of reduction still continues.
Nevertheless, the pace of expansion continues to increase. The number of people continues to increase at the same pace as the population, and the world population may be poised to double in 10-15 years. This process is closely related to the evolution that the family institution undergoes now. As a result of major social, demographic and economic changes, the family is divided into generations and often cannot provide care for elderly relatives. The proportion of elderly people living with their children or relatives steadily declines.
The family, as a social institution, is bound inseparably. The generations of people are connected from the common space because all members are descendants of the common stock. The space in which the relations of the family are concentrated is very different from the space of individual families.
Marriage has ceased to be lifelong and legitimate: divorces, single-parent families have become the norm instead of exceptions. In the period of early adulthood (from 20 years), the motivation for marriage is very high. Nevertheless, 36% of divorces happen during first 5-10 years of living together. Unions concluded by spouses under the age of 20 may have various conflicts among the partners: husband-wife, children-family, co-parenting.
There is a tension in the family. The scale of the family is much larger than the scale of the population. In 1991, in the aggregate, the family accounted for about 60% of the population. This force managed to achieve above the level of the family in the social structure of the state, into the ranks of the least protected social groups.
State institutions related to the family are the state bodies that control its numerous aspects. They are created and maintained by the people. Therefore, the state structure of the family is primarily a social institution.
Academic vocabulary defines the concept ‘family’. From this perspective, the global dynamics of social behaviors in the family is reflected: the generation and removal of the older generation from the social organization of the family, the stereotypes demeaning of marriage, the spread of single-parent families over the history of the family, child marriages, to create the modern family (New Family Strategy, 2008. Family planning is the process of the most effective reproduction of the population, the selection of the most skilled and educated workers, the increased participation of women in the reproductive cycle, the lower birth rate, and the phenomenon of female discrimination in the labor market are the main of the social impacts of the transformation of the family. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the motivation for this change in motivation is the desire for equality of opportunities in the conditions of social organization of reproduction.
The core values of the family, which serve as a context for the expression of the norms of the social organization of society, are egalitarian and modern. At the same time, the values of individuals are not liberal. They do not depend on the status of the family. The replacement of the family by the modern family (as one of the main social institutions) is the result of a combination of the old and the new features. The new family is a, in essence, a social institution adapted to the transformation of society in the process of social processes.
The major social institutions inherited by the last centuries have the role of the three main spaces – the family, a marriage and children. In the first case, the family is a most important social institution. From a functional standpoint, the family is a small social group, the most important form of personal life organization based on a conjugal union and kinship ties, i.e. relations between husband and wife, parents and children, brothers and sisters and other relatives living together and leading a common household.