What is that we can say about one positive change in the last couple of years. People are often too focused on the past years’ successes and failures. So, it is easier to look at the negatives of the past years’ results and invite the team to explore the changes that took place in their lives and experience. If you want to talk about the positive changes, you might even focus on the challenges and possibilities of the present time and the ideas of people who are now living in our world.
The challenges of the 2010-s were even more obvious than the results of the previous decades. The gap between the poor and the rich has widened considerably, the number of people falling into this category of poor has increased. And the poor actually began to compete with the rich, demanding conditions. As a result, common interests of the poor began to take precedence over business and personal interests.
The process of economic stratification opened the distribution of significant opportunities which the lower class used to enjoy. The distribution of income was most strongly manifested in the distribution of economic activity, especially wages, but the distribution of products also characteristic for the middle class. The products of social production were higher, more durable, more diverse, and this is what you should state in the income inequality paper. All these trends lead to the emergence of a new social order.
The concentration of income inequality in the United States was almost halved in the 1960s, but many politicians still claim that there is no exemplary equality of opportunities in real life. The gap between the poor and the rich has widened considerably, the number of Americans in the upper economic groups increased. The share of income from property is lower, and, importantly, the share of social benefits is lower.
The trends of economic inequality in the United States are comparable to the trends of other countries of the world. The income of the middle class in the 1960s was lower than in subsequent periods but higher than in European countries. The gap in the wages of blue- and white-collar workers has decreased. But the inequality of wages is significant. There are fewer people whose level of income is lower than the middle class.
Let’s consider the trends of economic inequality in the 1950-2000s. From the point of view of fundamental economic changes, this period can be described as the era of transition from an industrial to a postindustrial society. The material well-being of US residents has been seriously strengthened: GNP has quadrupled during this period, while the population has doubled.
The middle class reached 60% of the population. As for the distribution of increased material wealth between different economic classes and social groups, there were mixed and contradictory trends.
It should be emphasized in racial and gender income inequality essay that the post-industrial era was characterized by a sharp socio-political activation of previously humiliated social groups, for example. The peak of their activity occurred in the 60-70s of the XX century. The movements of black Americans and women were held under the slogan of spreading the equality of opportunities for these social groups.
Both black Americans and women have made great strides. Laws were adopted that equalized blacks with whites and women with men in various public spheres, including labor market and entrepreneurship. You also may focus on them writing the income inequality in education essay, because wide access to academic work has become more real at that time. As a result, positive developments in the material situation and the status positions of the two social groups were observed.
Due to the weakening of female discrimination in the labor market, an increase in their number among employed population took place. By the end of XX century, they accounted for almost half of the nation’s labor resources. In addition, the number of women in prestigious professional groups has increased. So, in 1960, the share of ladies in the managerial stratum of the employed population was 16%, and in 1975, it was 47%.
However, it should be written in poverty and inequality essay that the dynamics of balancing the wages was somewhat worse. By the beginning of the XXI century, the level of average female and male salaries was not equal. Although over the last 70 years of the XX century, the average female salary has grown from 56% to 73% in comparison with male income. At the same time, by the beginning of the 21st century, the wages of the youngest generations of women closely approached the male salaries and reached 93% of the level of the latter.
The dynamics of economic and status relations within another pair of social groups, white and black races, is contradictory. It has positive tendencies: during the period between the Second World War and the beginning of the 21st century, black Americans have made tangible progress in improving their economic status. From a legal viewpoint, discrimination against black citizens was essentially eliminated, which allowed them to improve their situation.
However, discrimination continued to persist in everyday life. The main reason is the deep racial prejudice in the minds of white Americans.