What is the definition of the concept “family” existing in the literature: it is a social institution, the cells of which are linked by marriage and kinship ties. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern researchers study it as a sphere in which personal needs of a person are satisfied most naturally.
The research has revealed that the interests, aspirations and aspirations of each individual are determined by the degree of his participation in the social team. In the system of society, the role of each individual is highly valued. In the framework of the family, the multiplicity of people is reflected: in the notion of “family values”, the ideology of each individual is filled with various motives for participating in the social process of production.
The concept of “family” is a social institution in the family which is both organized and coordinated, forms part of which are intrinsic to the system of human relations in the society. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the dynamics of the replacement of categories, the change in the core values of individuals’ outlook is initiated.
Social activities, such as hunting, fishing, creation of other families, etc., are performed mainly for the purposes of gainful employment, which, however, do not lead to a significant increase in the number of divorces, the number of suicides, and the like. The main reason for this lies in the family’s hierarchical value system which, in fact, is not completely comprehended by the community.
Thus, the value of the inalienable natural human rights (the right to life, liberty, security, adequate food, fair trial, freedom of movement, etc.) is identical with the concept of “family values”, the ideology of each individual. These are all the values of our time. At the same time, the opposite ideology of the opposition of marriage and kinship has its own roots in the family.
The following concepts are inextricable in the family:
According to sociologists, there are several different types of relations functioning in parallel in society: patriarchal or traditional; focused on children or modern; marital or postmodern. Today’s family is a “marriage of good friends” united for the joint organization of life and raising of children.
For many centuries, the absolute parental power and authoritarian system of upbringing reigned in the patriarchal family. The slightest violation of these principles led to inevitable sanctions. Children were subjected to corporal punishment if they rudely talked with their parents or refused to fulfill their orders. In general, care for children was not in the customs of the ancient peasants. According to the opinion of ethnographers, there was no concept of responsibility of parents towards kids.
At the same time, along with the irresponsibility of adults, there were excessive demands on kids. Hence the special respect of the peasants to the fifth commandment: “Honour thy father and thy mother”. So, you may note the positive changes between past and present in a “relationship between parents and children” essay.
There were compulsory collectivism and centralism in the patriarchal family. Common interests did not just dominate. They were an absolute value. Interests of individuals were not taken into account.
This can be clearly seen in the example of marriage. Young people married not for love but at the will of parents, which in this case did not reflect the whims of the elderly but the interests of the family as a whole. Marriage was considered as something like a property transaction. Later, there was a rigid consolidation of roles in the family. The supremacy of the husband took place due to the concentration of economic resources in his hands and the adoption of basic decisions.
Do not think that the elimination of the economic and moral priorities of the family head occurs in the same rhythm everywhere. In the framework of the survey, 43.3% of respondents answered that the most important issues are solved by the husband. His word is decisive in many cases.
There are five main patriarchal priorities which should be indicated in scholarly articles on family values: