What is the general pattern of arrangements within the family that are carried out by all women regardless of whether they have children. The results of the female surveys are directly opposite: in adolescence, girls begin to pay less attention to own appearance than to the appearance of boys.
Men of all ages tend to shift parental functions to women. The results of female surveys reflect a similar pattern: for ladies of all ages, the functions of pregnancy leave their traces in the family.
Male adolescents and young men do not attach much importance to the professional interests of the partner. They believe that a woman should not lead an active social life. In adulthood, on the contrary, men believe that their partner must have serious professional interests and play an active public role. That how the surrounding people assess the professional qualities of their chosen ones becomes important.
The results of the polls among girls are fully consistent with the opinions of the tested young men. Adolescent respondents believe that a man should have more serious professional interests than a woman and also must take an active public role. Experienced women of mature age, on the contrary, pay less attention to the professional qualities of their partner.
Men of all ages unanimously believe that a woman should take on the role of an emotional leader, provide them with moral and emotional support in the right situations. Women are ready to take on some of these issues. But they want the partner to provide them with physical and material goods.
With age, male respondents begin to pay less attention to own appearance and do not try to meet the standards of modern fashion. But the older a man, the more attention he pays to the external features of women, their ability to look beautiful and follow the fashion trends.
The results of female polls are somewhat different: in childhood, girls pay greater attention to their own attractiveness than to the appearance of boys; in adolescence, the requirements for the attractiveness of young men and for their own beauty become equal; and in adulthood, women begin to pay more attention to the appearance of their partner.
It can be stated in a short speech about family that the values of people of different age and sex reflect the specifics of a certain period of life. Nevertheless, they diametrically contradict each other in a number of scales. Obviously, this discrepancy provokes high divorce statistics because of which the disintegration of the family has ceased to be an extraordinary phenomenon.
Of course, one of the reasons for the significant differences in the hierarchy of family values was the transformation of the patriarchal family, which continues to this day. Often the man adheres to the patriarchal system of values, whereas the woman rejects it in the process of personal formation.
The causes of this phenomenon lie in the process of the family evolution, which should be considered in the essay on importance of family relationships.
Transformation of family values in the evolution of the marriage institution
There are a significant number of marital relationships forms. However, it is impossible to consider all of them in a short essay about family. But for actual contemporary research, the most important are the patriarchal model and the modern family (which is called transformed by some researchers). Extremely dramatic changes in the value system have occurred exactly within the framework of the transformation of the patriarchal family into the modern one.
According to sociologists, there are several different types of relations functioning in parallel in society: patriarchal or traditional; focused on children or modern; marital or postmodern. Today’s family is a “marriage of good friends” united for the joint organization of life and raising of children.
For many centuries, the absolute parental power and authoritarian system of upbringing reigned in the patriarchal family. The slightest violation of these principles led to inevitable sanctions. Children were subjected to corporal punishment if they rudely talked with their parents or refused to fulfill their orders. In general, care for children was not in the customs of the ancient peasants. According to the opinion of ethnographers, there was no concept of responsibility of parents towards kids.
At the same time, along with the irresponsibility of adults, there were excessive demands on kids. Hence the special respect of the peasants to the fifth commandment: “Honour thy father and thy mother”. So, you may note the positive changes between past and present in a “relationship between parents and children” essay.
There were compulsory collectivism and centralism in the patriarchal family. Common interests did not just dominate. They were an absolute value. Interests of individuals were not taken into account.
This can be clearly seen in the example of marriage. Young people married not for love but at the will of parents, which in this case did not reflect the whims of the elderly but the interests of the family as a whole. Marriage was considered as something like a property transaction. Later, there was a rigid consolidation of roles in the family. The supremacy of the husband took place due to the concentration of economic resources in his hands and the adoption of basic decisions.