What is the history of child labour in India’s history?
According to the National Crime Bureau, between January and December 2016, there were 16,851 such children in India, but authorities record a lower figure. Only one fifth of them (about 3 million) work at a household or in a workplace. Such children rarely have any other alternative opportunities, and the most common way of life is defined by the ordinary lack of opportunities, which the family and marriage provide. Most importantly, these children are victims of neglect, and this problem is often not disclosed. The media should encourage children to report about their abuse. There is nothing shameful in the fact that parents should not take care of their children. They should respect their own needs.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union, Uzbekistan is of particular concern among world experts. Children are traditionally engaged in harvesting of cotton. This work diverts them from studies in the fall and spring. However, in early 2017, the International Labour Organization reported on the reforms conducted by the government. It was stated that the practice of organized child labour is prohibited in Uzbekistan.
Sexual exploitation includes coercion to prostitution and filming in pornography. There are discussions about the decriminalization of prostitution. But in the case of children, there should be no discrepancies. Any form of their involvement in sex work is unacceptable. Nevertheless, according to the UN, more than a million children are involved in prostitution annually. Also, on the UN website, it was written about modern forms of slavery, including sexual.
In addition, in a number of countries, there is the practice of early weddings when girls are socially, emotionally and physically not ready to marry. Decisions are taken by their families. Both adult women and girls are involved in forced marriages, sale and inheritance of wives. The cause of child marriages is the unequal gender situation which can lead to the lifelong subordination of girls and women.
Sometimes it is easy to expose the exploitation, for example, if the child is engaged in hard and dangerous physical labour to buy some food. In other cases, everything is not so obvious, for example, when parents force children to pass overly rigid sports training, to take part in beauty contests or film them for Youtube for hours. It’s also worth describing such situations in an against child labour essay.
Adults are guided by own ambitions and desire to earn money with the help of the child, even if they violate his real interests. At the same time, for the other adults, the child becomes an object of entertainment.
At children’s beauty contests which are especially popular in America, girls should look as adults, walk along the podium in thematic costumes, bathing suits and evening dresses. Toddlers & Tiaras is the bright example of beauty contest devoted to the kids. This show was canceled. Such shows are not only far from good taste. They also can seriously damage a child.
A girl sits in the armchair for hours while the hairdresser works with her hair, wears uncomfortable clothes and repeats the same actions many times – all these are difficult tasks for a little person. Fatigue, possible skin irritations caused be cosmetics, violation of diet are factors of physical harm.
In addition, there is a moral harm. Inappropriate sexualization of children’s images, increased attention to the appearance of girls, objectification create a fertile soil for violations of the harmonious development of the individual and the creation of the unhealthy ideas about own personality.
At the end of the XV century, a well known tragedy with the “golden boy” happened. The son of a baker had to participate in the procession at the court of the Milan duke and to personify the coming of the Golden Age. His body was completely covered with golden paint. As a result, the child died, as normal thermoregulation was violated for a long time. Something close in spirit occurs today with children who are forced to sacrifice health for the sake of popularity.
The interest of children in adult affairs is a natural phenomenon. However, imitative practices are good when they benefit the children themselves, develop curiosity, playful character and do not harm health, soul and life. Situations when children serve the selfish interests of adults should not be allowed. The author of an essay on stop child labour may state that everyone who deals with kids can attract the attention of public organizations to the problem if he notices that something is wrong.
On the UN website, you can get acquainted with the book “Our Right to be Protected from Violence”. It is aimed at those who work with teenagers. There are examples of questionnaires that can help to identify cases of violence and find out whether the rights of minors are violated. Ideas are offered for role-playing games that help children to abandon the work that they should not do. There are also plans for talks aimed to reveal violence against children.