What is the main effect of economic liberalism on the human rights: on the individual and group identities.
Economic liberalism, which is called economic patriotism, emphasizes the importance of controlling the situation in the country. As a rule, it tries to create a new social order relying on the capabilities of the people, guaranteeing them the life of the community. This ideology justifies all natural human rights, including freedom of speech, property rights, and justice.
This worldview, which was formed in the late XIX century, leads to a professional separation of the educated and the poor. Educationalism becomes a means for achieving the goals of the economy, and the results of the process of education are deposited in the results of the lower class. As a result, the condition of the poor in the country has fundamentally changed.
In the cultural domain, the term “lower class” means a part of society that is engaged in production of any goods, must consume them and provide basic social needs. This concept includes such indicators as the size, composition, and movement of the population, the level of social stratification (economic, social and political) that may be described in essays on income inequality.
Since the mid-1940s, the idea of “lowering” has repeatedly appeared in the media. The chief example of the explanation is the article written by Victor Bauman, published in 1948. The Bauman’s article was considered very insightful and comprehensive work with a deep philosophical analysis of the concept of patriotism.
Of course, no one doubts that the social and economic goals of the upper class are to serve their neighbors and surrounding people. But in the modern understanding of the state of affairs in the country, there are very few such aspirations.
The main goal of the society, as the state, is the maintenance of equality of opportunities that are inherent to each individual. In 1910, the point of the equality of opportunities was the equality of opportunities in the conditions of economic freedom and equality of social status.
Equality of opportunities is a kind of equality of opportunities, which essentially guarantees individual success, since, in the system of inequalities, a person is required to have developed a certain type of skills. In the modern understanding of the state of affairs in the country, there is a difference between equality of opportunities and equality of results. Equality of opportunities allows individuals to stand out from the group for which they are equal.
As a rule, experts treat the equality of opportunities which they achieve through their own efforts and effort, and this is how they are able to adapt to the differences in the conditions of economic inequality. In modern America, there is a real change in the values of many families which have arisen in the last 30 years. The share of income from property is lower, and the social status is less important. In the past, the rich had more opportunities to accumulate, more to enjoy, and to spend more money on the average. The poor had no right to dominate, no matter how much wealth they gained.
The other inequality of opportunities is the imbalance of opportunities. In the 1960s, the lower class of the US income was able to enjoy the benefits of social security and insurance programs, and the middle class was able to cover those costs. As a result, the incomes of the middle class grew more than the incomes of the lower class.
The other great winner was the organized labor of the middle class. As a rule, it naturally included a whole layer of workers that were actively employed in industry and agrarian sectors. In the urbanized sectors, the middle class was able to cover the expenses of the masses, provided the cheap and effective workforce (content 3).
In the industrial sector, the middle class was able to realize the costs of production and serve as the backbone of the industry. As a result, the wages of middle class workers corresponded to the earnings of other members of the labor force.
In the economic democracy, the middle class plays a great role. The impediments to its growth are the contradictions of the class structure in the capitalist class structure, the inherent inequality of opportunities in the organization of work, monopoly on certain services, a huge number of redundant employees, etc. In the structure of the economy, the middle class is particularly active in the field of economic activity, provides the base for the emergence of new competitors, especially in the areas of investment banking.
It should be emphasized in “How income inequality affects the American dream?” essay that the American Dream, like the American Dream, is the dream of wealth that generates wealth only for the wealthy. In the process of increasing the wealth of the middle class, a middle class accumulates wealth only in the process of social mobility. The process of economic stratification has increased. In the process of increasing the social stratification of the United States, the upper and middle classes become even more concentrated than in the past.
The concentration of wealth is determined, in the system of economic inequality, by the degree of social mobility.