What is the main effect of taking part in the social labor market? On the one hand, this is the formation of a new professional class, on the other – the influence of socioeconomic development, improvement of the standard of living. These are the changes in the standard of living which necessarily affect the standard of living. Taking into account the above changes, you may push forward the following proposal in an advantages of child labour essay: the status of children is improved due to a change in the size and composition of the population (in accordance with the socio-economic laws of the USSR and the Western European countries). However, in the countries of the Third World, the standard of living is not lower than in Europe. In this regard, the attitude towards the use of child labour (in traditional and social ways) is quite positive.
On the one hand, there is a tendency for an earlier age increase in the number of children (from 5 to 12 years of age) and this is the time of transition from the family unit to the professional unit. Nevertheless, in some countries, there is a reverse trend: the proportion of working kids declines after the birth of an adult.
Another effect of child labour is the influence on family relations. Indeed, there are many stereotypes which claim that parents do not have an influence on their children. However, the truth is exactly opposite in poor countries of Africa: the lack of work causes the need for youth. So, in these countries, the image of parents is not exactly satisfactory.
The presentation of a children labour in the national standard of living is quite favorable to the way of passing their age. The minimum amount of work necessary for the upbringing of a child is absent, which leads to a certain decrease in the number of children working at all. In the mean, in the USSR, the number of working kids was more than three times higher than the number agricultural workers.
In the European countries, the ideal child labour model is characterized by the correspondence with the results of the maternal and parental functions. The activity of parents is usually so high that it completely breaks the ties between the child and the parents. In fact, this is not quite true. For a part of the kids, an unfulfilled desire to work whatever it’s possible leads to this problem.
The greatest effect of work in the life of the majority of the world is associated with the structure of the family. The circle of social contacts is very narrow. All kinds of relationships between spouses arise there. Nevertheless, the degree of family stability and togetherness of these contacts is rather high. All this suggests that the problem of family, like all other relationships, is primarily related to the stability of the family as a whole, and the cohesion of the family is its highest value.
Marriage has ceased to be lifelong and legitimate: divorces, single-parent families have become the norm instead of exceptions. In the period of early adulthood (from 20 years), the motivation for marriage is very high. Nevertheless, 36% of divorces happen during first 5 years of living together. Unions concluded by spouses under the age of 20 years are terminated in 99.9% of cases.
At every new stage in the development of the individual, the determination of a goal of activity is made. The interests of the individual are translated into goals of the collective, into the interests of the whole society. These goals are combined in the system of individual activities and social coordination.
The concept of social coordination is becoming more relevant. The analogy with a state-owned enterprise is observed: the person controls its activities, the enterprise itself determines the level of those activities.
Combining the above types of personal activity, we can say that the family belongs to special, fundamental groups of society. Starting to be recognized as a social institution, the family begins to be understood as a “cultural institution” and an “organization” that arose from a number of socio-economic processes, the qualities of which are determined by the level of the productive forces development.
The division of labor between socially and non-working groups, the exchange of benefits between members, the motivation for certain activities, the level of income and living standards of certain participants, the kind of material comfort which each of these groups provides, etc. constitutes a hierarchical system of family values.
Values of cooperation are determined by the degree of their connection with the “subjectivity” of the world, the usefulness and dynamics of the process of production and social consumption, the possibilities of further growth of a national economy based on the activity of the body.
The family acts as a cultural community – a group of people which is connected by a certain unity of life priorities, ideas, relationships and ideals. Since the values of our time are already determined by the magnitude of the achievements of human society, the family can and must adapt to the changing conditions.
Thus, the death of the family as a cultural institution is not something tragic but, on the contrary, a sudden and painful transition from a high to a low value.