How do you cite multiple authors in text MLA?
For works with three or more authors, include the last name of the first author followed by et al (see the MLA Handbook p. 116 for more information). For example: Marscot et al.
How do you cite multiple authors in APA?
List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the first 19 authors’ names, use an ellipsis in place of the remaining author names. Then, end with the final author’s name (do not place an ampersand before it). There should be no more than twenty names in the citation in total.
How do you abbreviate multiple authors?
General Use of Et Al. Specifically, articles with one or two authors include all names in every in-text citation; articles with three, four, or five authors include all names in the first in-text citation but are abbreviated to the first author name plus et al.
How do you cite if there are 4 authors?
If there are four or more authors cite the first name listed in the source followed by et al. All authors’/editors’ names would be listed in your reference, no matter how many there are, as shown below.
What is et al?
“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al.
How do you in text cite 3 authors?
A Work by Three or More Authors List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.
How do you cite 5 authors?
Provide all the authors’ last names when you first refer to a document with 3-5 authors. Only list the first author with the Latin abbreviation “et al.” for any subsequent references. Example: Jones, Chavez, Jackson, and Chen (2010) duplicated…
How do you cite 7 authors in APA?
More Than Seven Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the sixth author’s name, use an ellipsis in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names.
How do you cite two sources in one sentence?
When citing multiple works parenthetically, place the citations in alphabetical order, separating them with semicolons….Arrange two or more works by the same authors by year of publication.Place citations with no date first.Then, order works with dates in chronological order.Place in-press citations last.
How do you reference multiple sources?
If you wish to refer to more than one source which has the same viewpoint, list them together at the relevant point in the sentence, putting them in brackets with the author’s name, followed by the date of publication and separated by a semi-colon. The sources should be cited in alphabetical order in each list.
How do you cite two authors in one sentence?
Separate the citations with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same authors (in the same order) by year of publication. Place in-press citations last. Give the authors’ surnames once; for each subsequent work, give only the date.
How do you cite two authors in text?
A Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses.
How do you cite 4 authors in APA?
APA in-text citations with multiple authors If there are three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”. Group authors known by their abbreviations (e.g., CDC) are written in full the first time and are abbreviated in subsequent citations.
How do you cite an article in text?
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
How do you cite sources in an essay?
You must cite all information used in your paper, whenever and wherever you use it. When citing sources in the body of your paper, list the author’s last name only (no initials) and the year the information was published. If you use a direct quote, add the page number to your citation, like this: (Dodge, 2008, p.
How do you cite within a paragraph?
When you quote or paraphrase from a source (book, article, or webpage) in your paper, you need to insert a parenthetical citation. This citation typically consists of the author’s name, year of publication, and page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence. “This is a direct citation” (Chapman, 2019, p. 126).
How do you cite within a paper?
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
How do you cite evidence?
State the idea you had about the text (if you are responding to a specific question, be sure your idea restates the question). Now give supporting evidence from the text. To cite explicitly, paraphrase or use quotes from the text. If you use direct quotes from a text, you must use quotation marks.
How do you write references?
Book: printAuthor/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) Title (this should be in italics)Series title and number (if part of a series)Edition (if not the first edition)Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)Publisher.Year of publication.
How do I cite an online article?
Cite web postings as you would a standard web entry. Provide the author of the work, the title of the posting in quotation marks, the web site name in italics, the publisher, and the posting date. Follow with the date of access. Include screen names as author names when author name is not known.